German Colonies in Bosnia and Herzegovina until 1914

Authors

  • Sanja Radanović University of Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4312/linguistica.60.2.213-225

Keywords:

German peasants, German colonies, Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, immigration, agricultural development

Abstract

The Austro-Hungarian rule in Bosnia and Herzegovina (1878–1918) was marked, among other things, by the immigration of numerous officials, engineers, craftsmen, peasants and people of other professions from various parts of the Monarchy. A significant subgroup consisted of German peasants who in the last decades of 19th century settled in the fertile lands of northern Bosnia and Herzegovina, especially its northwestern parts. Despite initial difficulties, they became highly successful and enjoyed high agricultural productivity, which was achieved through hard work, perseverance, wise planning decisions as well as the use of modern agricultural machines. There was also aid coming from Germany and support offered by the authorities in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Soon after their arrival, the peasants began to build churches and schools, whereby they were helped by a Trappist monastery near Banja Luka. As a consequence, they managed to organize their social and cultural life and preserve their national identity. Among the German colonies, Windthorst and Rudolfstal near Banja Luka stood out, both in terms of their size and population, and in terms of agricultural output. Thanks to the German colonies, agricultural production in Bosnia and Herzegovina improved significantly.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Auszug aus der Reiserelation des Kreisvorstehers Ladislaus Baron über Kolonien in Bosnien. (1913). ABH Sarajevo zl 15.514 vom 19. Februar 1913.

BETHKE, Carl (2015) „Die Zeitungen „Bosnische Post“ und „Sarajevoer Tagblatt“, 1903–1913.“ In: E. S. Omerović (Hrsg.), 137–174.

BILIĆ TODOROVIĆ, Marijana (2011) „Austrougarska kolonizacija u Bosni i Hercegovini.“ Glasnik Udruženja arhivskih radnika Republike Srpske. III, 3. Banja Luka, 119–135.

GRĐIĆ, Šćepan (1912) „Kolonizacija u Bosni i Hercegovini.“ Pregled. Časopis za nauku i socijalni život. Sarajevo, 01.10.1912, 367–382.

HAUPTMANN, Ferdo (1965) „Reguliranje zemljišnog posjeda u Bosni i Hercegovini i počeci naseljavanja stranih seljaka u doba austrougarske vladavine.“ Godišnjak društva istoričara Bosne i Hercegovine. Sarajevo, XVI, 151–171.

HEIMFELSEN, Josef (1911) Die deutschen Kolonien in Bosnien. Sarajevo.

KASUMOVIĆ, Amila (2009) „Modaliteti eksterne kolonizacije u Bosni 1890-1914: case study za njemačke erarne kolonije.“ Prilozi, 38. 81–120.

KASUMOVIĆ, Amila (2015) „Austrougarska kolonizaciona politika u Bosni i Hercegovini i prvi njemački doseljenici.“ In: E. S. Omerović (Hrsg.), 75–95.

KOŽAR, Azem (2015) „Doseljavanje Nijemaca-kolonista na područje kotara Tešanj u vrijeme austrougarske uprave u Bosni i Hercegovini.“ In: E. S. Omerović (Hrsg.), 175–188.

KRALJAČIĆ, Tomislav (1989) „Kolonizacija stranih seljaka u Bosnu i Hercegovinu za vrijeme austrougarske uprave.“ Istorijski časopis. XXXVI, 111–124.

LAMERS, Friedrich G. (1970) 65 Jahre Kolonie in Bosnien in Jugoslawien. St. Gabriel/Mödling bei Wien.

LUŽIJA, STOJANKA (2013) Njemačke agrarne kolonije u Bosni i Hercegovini (1878–1914). Banja Luka: Art print.

MALINOVIĆ, Miroslav/Milijana OKILJ/Ljubiša PRERADOVIĆ (2015) „The Colonization of German National Minority and Its Sacred Architecture in Republik of Srpska. In: AGG+, 3. http://doisrpska.nub.rs/index.php/aggplus/article/view/2924.

MIKIĆ, Đorđe (1982) „O privrednim i socijalnim prilikama u Bosanskoj krajini u prvim godinama austrougarske okupacije (1878-95).“ Istorijski zbornik. Banja Luka, 75–110.

MIKIĆ, Đorđe (1990) „O kolonizaciji stranih seljaka u Bosni i Hercegovini u vrijeme austrougarske uprave.“ In: N. Šehić (Hrsg.), Migracije i Bosna i Hercegovina. Zbornik. Sarajevo: Institut za istoriju u Sarajevu/Institut za proučavanje nacionalnih odnosa, 181–193.

OEHLER, W. J. (1918) Die deutschen Kolonien in Bosnien. Banja Luka.

OMEROVIĆ, Enes S. (Hrsg.) (2015) Nijemci u Bosni i Hercegovini i Hrvatskoj – nova istraživanja i perspektive. Zbornik radova. Sarajevo: Institut za istoriju.

PRERADOVIĆ, Ljubiša u. a. (2017) Vjerski objekti nacionalnih manjina u Republici Srpskoj. Banja Luka: Grafid.

RADANOVIĆ, Sanja (2018) „Mehrnamigkeit in der Toponymik in Bosnien und Herzegowina 1878–1918.“ In: P. Ernst u. a. (Hrsg.) Mehrnamigkeit zwischen Sprachwissenschaft, Sprachgeschichte und Sprachpolitik. Österreichische Namenforschung, Beiheft 6, Wien: Praesens, 337–349.

RENNER, Heinrich (1896) Durch Bosnien und die Herzegowina kreuz und quer. Berlin: saxioniabuch.

RICHEMBERGH, Goran Beus (2010) Nijemci, Austrijanci i Hrvati I. Prilozi za povijest njemačko-austrijske nacionalne manjine u Hrvatskoj i Bosni i Hercegovini. Zagreb/Sarajevo: Synopsis.

SCHEURINGER, Hermann (2019) „Bosniens rudimentärster Kontakt mit dem Deutschen – Die Posavina als Nachhut der großen Schwabensiedlung.“ In: S. Mešić/H. Scheuringer (Hrsg.), Deutsch in Bosnien-Herzegowina. Sarajevo: Philosophische Fakultät der Universität Sarajevo, 30–40.

Stimmen aus Bosnien (1912). Illustrierte Blätter in zwangloser Folge. Sarajevo.

ŠEHIĆ, Nusret (1990) „Politika iseljavanja i useljavanja na prodručju Bosne i Hercegovine 1918–1921. Godine.“ In: N. Šehić (Hrsg.), Migracije i Bosna i Hercegovina. Zbornik. Sarajevo: Institut za istoriju u Sarajevu/Institut za proučavanje nacionalnih odnosa Sarajevo, 195–222.

WESTHEIDER, Rolf (2015) „Von der Ems an den Vrbas: Norddeutsche in Windthorst und Rudolfstal.“ In: E. S. Omerović (Hrsg.), 123–136.

ZAPLATA, Rudolf (1934) „Postanak njemačkih naseobina kod Banje Luke.“ In: Glasnik jugoslovenskog profesorskog društva. 10–12, 918–922.

Downloads

Published

30.12.2020

How to Cite

Radanović, S. (2020). German Colonies in Bosnia and Herzegovina until 1914. Linguistica, 60(2), 213–225. https://doi.org/10.4312/linguistica.60.2.213-225