LEXIKALISCHER WANDEL AM BEISPIEL DES VERBS <em>STILLEN</em>
Language change in grammar is relatively slow. In most cases, grammatical change is associated with changes in lexical semantics. Both types of change can be interrelated. For example, a change in verb meaning can cause valence changes which can influence the number and semantics of the complements in the sentence. Part of this process are also changes concerning transitivity and intransitivity of individual verbs.
The article briefly describes only one example of lexical change without presenting a valid empirical study at this point. Possible dialectal variants in the use of the verb are not considered.
The previously transitive German verb stillen (Engl. ‘breastfeed’) is used increasingly intransitively in certain media, such as internet forums. This instance of language change is related to the changed view of the physical and psychological abilities of infants, to whom a more active role in breastfeeding is attributed. According to initial considerations by psychologists, role changes go hand in hand with changes in the way the human being is perceived in social and cultural terms. Examples from an internet forum show an increasing intransitive use of the verb stillen as an innovation in the lexicon of contemporary German.
Copyright (c) 2019 Christina Janz
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors are confirming that they are the authors of the submitting article, which will be published (print and online) in journal Linguistica by Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani (University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts, Aškerčeva 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia). Author’s name will be evident in the article in journal. All decisions regarding layout and distribution of the work are in hands of the publisher.
- Authors guarantee that the work is their own original creation and does not infringe any statutory or common-law copyright or any proprietary right of any third party. In case of claims by third parties, authors commit their self to defend the interests of the publisher, and shall cover any potential costs.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.