Military vocabulary in the FraSloK french-slovene corpus

  • Adriana Mezeg University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts, Department of Translation
Keywords: military vocabulary, parallel corpus, translation, registers of language

Abstract

This article studies the use of military vocabulary in the French-Slovene parallel corpus FraSloK, which contains texts published between 1995 and 2009. Taking into account the frequency of occurrences of the word guerre(s) (war(s)) in the French source texts, the journalistic subcorpus composed of 300 articles from Le Monde diplomatique and three novels from the literary subcorpus turned out to be interesting for our research. On the basis of the lists of all words used, we manually extracted all the nouns belonging to the military field (3,735 occurrences for 289 different words). Using French and Slovene monolingual dictionaries, the classification per register of language shows a predominance of the standard variety in French, even though certain words are highly specialised. Interestingly, in the main Slovene dictionary several corresponding items are lablled as non-standard (military, jargon, military jargon, etc.). Moreover, the corpus contains many foreign words or borrowings, whereas elements of other language registers (obsolete, informal, colloquial, modern, politics, old-fashioned, etc.) are only used sporadically. There are almost no words labelled as military or slang/jargon. The article identifies the wars about which the French FraSloK texts speak, classifies the French lexis used into five categories and, finally, specifies the strategies employed in the translation of military vocabulary into Slovene.

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Published
2019-03-14
How to Cite
Mezeg, A. (2019). Military vocabulary in the FraSloK french-slovene corpus. Linguistica, 58(1), 237-248. https://doi.org/10.4312/linguistica.58.1.237-248