Croatian-Hungarian contacts reflected in Croatian surnames

  • Anđela Frančić Sveučilište u Zagrebu
Keywords: Croatian surnames, Croatian-Hungarian linguistic contacts, linguistic borrowing, Hungarian loanwords

Abstract

In the introductory part of the paper the author briefly comments on the history of Croatian surnames, on Croatian-Hungarian language contact and studies of these contacts. A predictable result of centuries-long political union of Croats and Hungarians are Hungarianisms, of which only a smaller part belongs to standard Croatian lexis (e.g. bunda, cikla, cipela, čipka, čopor, karika, kočija, korov, lopov, palačinka, šator, soba). Croatian anthroponymy likewise testifies to the Croatian-Hungarian contact in its own right, both through oikonyms (e.g. Madžarevo, Banfi, Daruvar, Varaždin, Laslovo, Farkaševac) and surnames based on Hungarian elements (e.g. Balog, Gazdić, Janušić, Kanižaj, Matjašec, Nagy, Palfi, Pišpek, Pongračić, Sabolčec, Vargek). The core of the paper deals with the classification of Croatian surnames which contain Hungarian elements, from the perspective of their formation and semantic motivation together with illustrative examples. Taking into consideration the degree to which Hungarian lexemes present in a given surname have been adapted to the Croatian language, the way in which these surnames were formed, all the confirmed instances of Hungarian lexis in Croatian historical lexicography and current Croatian dialects – it is suggested that some of the surnames are based on Hungarianisms originating in Croatia, while some were introduced into the pool of Croatian surnames at different time periods, when their bearers arrived in Croatia. The paper emphasizes, among other things, the need for further identification and research of Hungarianisms in non-standard Croatian dialects as well as in the inventory of personal names.

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Published
2015-12-31
How to Cite
Frančić, A. (2015). Croatian-Hungarian contacts reflected in Croatian surnames. Linguistica, 55(1), 229-239. https://doi.org/10.4312/linguistica.55.1.229-239