Studies in the Albanian vocabulary (Balkan etymologies 76.- 91)

Authors

  • Vladimir E. Orel

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4312/linguistica.24.1.427-442

Keywords:

Studies in the Albanian vocabulary (Balkan etymologies 76.- 91)

Abstract

Alb.gloq  'matter from eyes, rheum (in eyes); testis', dial. gĕuq id.(Cipo 1954, 14li Kristoforidhi 1961,'-114; Marin 1948, 128) is synonymous with g(ĕ) lepë and it seems quite probable that both of them are morphologically similar. This structural resemblance is of special importance, since the etymology of gloq is unknown, while it is widely accepted.that g(ë)lepë re- flects Proto-Albanian (= PAlb.) prefix *ka- and the stem *laipa derived from IE *leip - 'to stick, to cling' (cf. Skt. avalepa­ 'ointment' < *oųo-loipa). Postulating the same prefix (gë) - < PAlb. *ka- in gloq, gëluq, one comes to a stem -loq /-luq­ which it is correct to identify with loqe 'penis, testis' rela­ ted to Lith. liaukà 'gland'. Both loqe and liaukà reflect a long diphthong in *lēuk- connected with IE *leuk   'white'. The matter from eyes is actually white and IE *leuk fis the desi­ gnation of this kind of pus as well as the term for glands (cf. Slav. *belbmo 'wall-eye'< *belb 'white'). Another semantic pattern is represented in a(ë)lepë, with a very interesting pa­ rallei in Lat. lippus 'discharging matter (from the eyes)' con­ nected with IE *leip-.

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Published

01.12.1984

How to Cite

Orel, V. E. (1984). Studies in the Albanian vocabulary (Balkan etymologies 76.- 91). Linguistica, 24(1), 427–442. https://doi.org/10.4312/linguistica.24.1.427-442

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Section

Articles