Nonverbal Elements in War Poems across Cultures: A Case Study of English and Croatian

  • Alma Vančura J. J. Strossmayer University of Osijek
Keywords: nonverbal communication, paralanguage, kinesics, culture, war poems, poetry

Abstract

Building on extensive study on nonverbal communication, this paper focuses on the presence of culturally referenced representations of nonverbal behaviour in poetry, specifically looking at the presence of culturally referenced nonverbal elements in war poems written during and after World War I. Written representations of such nonverbal elements are seen either as vocal-nonverbal (paralanguage) or as nonvocal-nonverbal (kinesics). As a poem’s theme derives from the actual event(s), it can be expected to contain culturally bound nonverbal elements. Analysis shows that nonverbal elements are mostly represented via descriptions of spatial signs, body adaptors and bodily characteristics, and that the presence of culturally referenced nonverbal elements is almost non-existent.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Published
2015-12-29
How to Cite
Vančura, A. (2015). Nonverbal Elements in War Poems across Cultures: A Case Study of English and Croatian. ELOPE: English Language Overseas Perspectives and Enquiries, 12(2), 113-124. https://doi.org/10.4312/elope.12.2.113-124