Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini and Saint Maximus the Greek – The Concept of Humanistic Individuum
The paper carries out a comparative analysis of the biographical documents, theological and literary writings, as well as worldviews of two complex Renaissance concepts of the humanistic individuum, as seen in the works of Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini and Saint Maximus the Greek. A comparison between the two theologians, both marked by the Italian Renaissance, shows how their experience imbued their views with a specific orthodoxy and a distinct theocentrism. Both authors used their personal language, an idiolect; were active in their reception of Western and Eastern Christianity; confronted heretical teachings; and represented Christological theocentrism as well as an awareness that Christian civilization is under threat. Similarly, both employed an autobiographical tone in their respective writings.
The synthesis and juxtaposition of Western and Eastern elements
of Christianity in their works and a significant number of personally
interpreted Biblical references that are otherwise very specific
to Renaissance literature confirm the similarity of both writers'
worldviews. Autobiographical characteristics of their works betray
the specifically Renaissance context of their writings.