Hozonkai – The Phenomenon of Preserving Folk Music and Performing Arts in Japan: The Case of Kokiriko uta hozonkai Association
Keywords:preservation society, hozonkai, Kokiriko uta hozonkai, Kagura mai, Kokiriko, intangible cultural asset
The article closely examines the phenomenon of preservation societies or hozonkai, which strives to preserve Japanese folk songs and other folk performing arts in an authentic form or intact without change. As an example of hozonkai’s treatment of the folk song, it takes a closer look into organization and current activities of Kokiriko uta hozonkai; a hozonkai formed in 1951 and in charge of preservation and transmission of song accompanied by dance Kagura mai.
Taking into consideration Hughes’ general characteristics of hozonkai as a base, the author points out the commonly shared characteristics which Kokiriko uta hozonkai shares with most preservation societies, but at the same time also shows its particularities. Kokiriko uta hozonkai has a stronger concept of locality and it is not absolutely conservative with respect to possible changes to Kagura mai in the future. Moreover, the research on Kokiriko uta hozonkai and its treatment of Kagura mai raises questions to what extent hozonkai really transmitts the ancient revived Kagura mai?
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