Explicit and Implicit Aspects of Confucian Education
The following essay contains a more general philosophical reflection on the significance and some main elements of pre-modern Confucian learning. The topic is developed by presenting some essential elements in the whole range from explicit (linguistically expressible) knowledge to symbolic aspects as well as the (philosophical) problem of ineffable knowing. The essay starts with the general conception of man which underlies the mainstream of Confucian learning. On that basis, the more explicit contents and easily explicable subjects or branches of classical Confucian learning are mapped out. This becomes the starting point to move on to reflect on a more symbolic layer of Confucian learning. Finally, the core level of Confucian learning is addressed. This presents us with the problem of ineffability. The reference points of the present essay are restricted to some important classical passages as well as the thought of Wang Yangming 王陽明 (1472–1529).
–––. 2015b. “Wissendes Nichtwissen” oder “gutes Wissen”? Zum philosophischen Denken von Nicolaus Cusanus und Wáng Yángmíng. (“Knowing Unknowing” or “Good Knowing”? On the Philosophical Thought of Nicolaus Cusanus and Wang Yangming). Paderborn: Wilhelm Fink.
Chen, Lai 陈来. 1991. You-wu zhi jing. Wang Yangming zhexue de jingshen. 有无之 王阳明哲学的精神. (The Boundary of You and Wu. The Spirit of Wang Yangnming’s Philosophy.) Beijing: Renmin Chubanshe.
Daodejing 道德經=《道德經 – Dao De Jing》 2017. In Chinese Text Project. Accessed January 25, 2017. http://ctext.org/dao-de-jing.
Eckermann, Johann Peter. 1982. Gespräche mit Goethe in den letzten Jahren seines Lebens. (Talks with Goethe During the Last Years of His Life.) Berlin and Weimar: Aufbau-Verlag.
Edelstein, Ludwig. 1966. Plato’s Seventh Letter. Leiden: Brill. Kongzi Jiayu 孔子家語 =《孔子家語 – Kongzi Jiayu》In Chinese Text Project. Accessed January 25, 2017. http://ctext.org/kongzi-jiayu.
Liji 禮記 =《禮記 – Liji》In Chinese Text Project. Accessed January 25, 2017. http://ctext.org/liji.
Lorenz, Konrad, and Franz Kreuzer. 1988. Leben ist Lernen. Von Immanuel Kant zu Konrad Lorenz. Ein Gespräch über das Leben des Nobelpreisträgers. (Life is Learning. From Immanuel Kant to Konrad Lorenz. A Talk on the Life of the Nobel Prize Winner.) München and Zürich: Piper.
Lunyu 論語 =《論語 – The Analects》In Chinese Text Project. Accessed January 25, 2017. http://ctext.org/analects.
Mengzi 孟子 =《孟子 – Mengzi》In Chinese Text Project. Accessed January 25, 2017. http://ctext.org/mengzi.
Neuweg, Georg Hans. 2005. “Implizites Wissen als Forschungsgegenstand.” (“Implicit Knowledge as an Object of Research”) In Handbuch Berufsbildungsforschung, edited by Felix Rauner, 582–8. Bielefeld: Bertelsmann.
Rausch, Hannelore. 1982. “Theoria: Von ihrer sakralen zur philosophischen Bedeutung (Theoria: With Regard to Her Sacral and Philosophical Significance).” Dissertation, University of Munich, 1977. München: Fink (Humanistische Bibliothek, Reihe 1, Abhandlungen; 29).
Reich, Kersten, and Yuqing Wei. 1997. Beziehungen als Lebensform. Philosophie und Pädagogik im alten China (Relationships as a Form of Life. Philosophy and Education in Ancient China). Münster [et al.]: Waxmann.
Schmidt, Stephan. 2005. Die Herausforderung des Fremden. Interkulturelle Hermeneutik und konfuzianisches Denken (The Challenge of Things Foreign. Intercultural Hermeneutics and Confucian Thought). Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.
Schweitzer, Albert. 2002. Geschichte des chinesischen Denkens (History of Chinese Thought), edited by Bernhard Kaempf and Johann Zürcher. Postscript by Heiner Roetz. München: Beck (Werke aus dem Nachlaß).
Wagner, Rudolf G. 1991. “Die Unhandlichkeit des Konfuzius” (“The Unwieldiness of Confucius).” In Weisheit, edited by Aleida Assmann, 455–64. München: Fink (Archäologie der literarischen Kommunikation; 3).
Wang, Yangming 王陽明 (Wang Shouren王守仁). 1933. “Chuanxilu shang 傳習錄 上 (Records of Teaching and Learning, part 1).” In Wang Wencheng Gongquan Shu 王文成公全書, (Complete Works of Wang Yang Ming), by Wang Shouren 王 守仁, 1–36. Shanghai: Shangwu Yinshuguan/The Commercial Press.
–––. 1933a. “Chuanxilu zhong 傳習錄 中 (Records of Teaching and Learning, part 2).” In Wang Wencheng Gongquan Shu 王文成公全書 (Complete Works of Wang Yang Ming), 37–82. Shanghai: Shangwu Yinshuguan/The Commercial Press.
–––. 1933b. “Chuanxilu xia 傳習錄 下 (Records of Teaching and Learning, part 3).” In Wang Wencheng Gongquan Shu 王文成公全書 (Complete Works of Wang Yang Ming), 1–48. Shanghai: Shangwu Yinshuguan/The Commercial Press.
–––. 1933c. “Daxuewen 大學問 (Questions Regarding the Great Learning).” In Wang Wencheng Gongquan Shu 王文成公全書 (Complete Works of Wang Yang Ming), 35–41. Shanghai: Shangwu Yinshuguan/The Commercial Press.
–––. 1933d. “Juyueshi Sanshisi Shou 居越詩三十四首 (Hundreds of Poems).” In Wang Wencheng Gongquan Shu 王文成公全書 (Complete Works of Wang Yang Ming), 124–31. Shanghai: Shangwu Yinshuguan/The Commercial Press.
–––. 2006. “Chuanxilu Shiyi 傳習錄拾遺 (Record of Teaching, Supplements).” In Quanji xia 全集 下. 吳光，錢明，董平，姚延福. 年第5次印刷 (Collections of Complete Works of Wang Yangmin, Vol 5), 1166–82. Shanghai: Shanghai Guji Chubanshe.
Xiaojing 孝經 =《孝經 – Xiao Jing》In: Chinese Text Project. Accessed January 30, 2017. http://ctext.org/xiao-jing.
Yuet, Keung Lo. 1999. “The Formulation of Early Medieval Confucian Metaphysics. Huang K’an’s (488–545) Accomodation of Neo-Taoism and Buddhism.” In Imagining Boundaries. Changing Confucian Doctrines, Texts, and Hermeneutics, edited by Kai-wing Chow, On-cho Ng, and John Henderson, 57–83. Albany: State University of New York Press (SUNY series in Chinese Philosophy and Culture).
Copyright (c) 2017 David BARTOSCH
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors are confirming that they are the authors of the submitting article, which will be published (print and online) in journal Asian Studies by Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani (University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts, Aškerčeva 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia). Author’s name will be evident in the article in journal. All decisions regarding layout and distribution of the work are in hands of the publisher.
- Authors guarantee that the work is their own original creation and does not infringe any statutory or common-law copyright or any proprietary right of any third party. In case of claims by third parties, authors commit their self to defend the interests of the publisher, and shall cover any potential costs.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.