Analiza okvirjanja v razpravah o uvozu smeti v Albaniji

  • Elsa Skënderi Rakipllari Univerza v Tirani, Fakulteta za zgodovino in filologijo, Albanija
Ključne besede: okvirjanje, diskurz o okolju, tuji odpadki, Albanija

Povzetek

Prispevek se osredotoča na diskurz o okolju v razpravah o uvozu tujih odpadkov v Albanijo. Namen prispevka je preučiti okvire, ki jih uporabljata nasprotni strani v tej razpravi, da bi prepričali javnost, da bi podprla ali zavrnila uvoz tujih odpadkov. Iz njihovih govorov so bili zbrani tipični fragmenti, ki so bili nato razdeljeni v dve skupini (za in proti). Analiza okvirjanja je razširjen metodološki pristop v družboslovnih vedah in se uporablja na različnih raziskovalnih področjih, kot so, na primer, študij komunikacije (Entman, 1993), jezikoslovje (Fillmore in njegovi semantični okviri, 1985; okviri in sheme v kritični diskurzni analizi), psihologija (okviri v mišljenju) in sociologija (okviri v komunikaciji). Teoretični del prispevka ponuja pregled glavnih pristopov pri določanju, odkrivanju in opisu okvirov. Za odkrivanje in opis okvirov v razpravi o odpadkih je uporabljen jezikovni pristop. V skladu z metodo, ki sta jo uvedla Touri in Koteyko (2015), so bili ugotovljeni naslednji okvirni nizi: a) nevarnost za okolje in škoda, ki jo povzroča onesnaževanje z odpadki, b) obstoječi problem s smetmi, c) mafija, d) Evropska unija, e) ekonomski razvoj. Analiza kaže, da so okviri ključnega pomena za razumevanje delovanja komunikacije, v kateri govorniki javnost prepričujejo tako, da opozarjajo na nekatere vidike resničnosti z zakrivanjem drugih pomembnih vidikov.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

Literatura

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Fevziu, B., The history of waste import in Albania, 24 Sept. 2016, https://opinion.al/historia-e-importit-te-plehrave-ne-shqiperi/ (Accessed 31 Aug. 2017).

Fillmore, C. J., Frames and the semantics of understanding, Quaderni di Semantica 6/2, 1985, pp. 222–253.

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Klosi, A., Go to hell with your waste, first published on Shekulli, 16 Oct. 2010, Opinion, 22 Sept. 2016, http://opinion.al/cfare-shkruante-miku-i-ndjere-edi-rames-ardian-klosi-ik-pir-uni-me-gjithe-plehrat-tuaja/ (Accessed 31 Aug.2017).

Lapsi.al, How Albania was saved in 2004 from the import of garbage, 24 Sept. 2016 https://lapsi.al/2016/09/24/si-shpetoi-shqiperia-ne-vitin-2004-nga-importi-i-plehrave/ (Accessed 31 Aug. 2017).

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Texts for analysis

Balla, T., Parliament session speech on 22 Sept. 2011, in: YouTube video: Waste import how did the positions of political parties change, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UKAlNSe6wQY (Accessed 31 Aug. 2017).

Balla, T., Parliament session speech on 22 Sept. 2016, in: YouTube video: Waste import: how did the positions of political parties change, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UKAlNSe6wQY (Accessed 31 Aug. 2017).

Papa, G., Parliament sessions speech. Minutes report from the Albanian Parliament, 22 Sept. 2016, pp. 165-168, https://www.parlament.al/Files/PunimeKuvend/2016/4.pdf (Accessed 31 Aug. 2017).

Rama, E., Parliament session speech. Minutes report from the Albanian Parliament, 10 Oct. 2013, pp. 286-288, https://www.parlament.al/Files/PunimeKuvend/2013/3.pdf, (Accessed 31 Aug. 2017).

Rama, E., Parliament session speech. Minutes report from the Albanian Parliament, 22 Sept. 2016, pp. 179-181, https://www.parlament.al/Files/PunimeKuvend/2016/4.pdf (Accessed 31 Aug. 2017).

Shalsi, E., Parliament session speech. Minutes report from the Albanian Parliament, 22 Sept. 2011, Transcribed and translated from: https://www.parlament.al/Files/PunimeKuvend/2011/3.pdf pp. 779-780 (Accessed 31 Aug. 2017).

Shalsi, E., Interview, NewsBomb, 19 Sept. 2016, http://www.newsbomb.al/politike/item/53404-ka-cuar-ne-kuvend-ligjin-per-importin-e-plehrave-por-shalsi-flet-vetem-per-lende-drusore (Accessed 31 Aug. 2017).

Tepelena, A., Interview, Opinion, 19 Sept. 2016, http://opinion.al/intervista-alarmi-nga-importi-i-mbetjeve-a-sjell-rrezik-projektligji-qe-votohet-te-enjten1-ne-parlament/ (Accessed 31 Aug. 2017).

Objavljeno
2020-06-24
Kako citirati
Skënderi RakipllariE. (2020). Analiza okvirjanja v razpravah o uvozu smeti v Albaniji. Ars & Humanitas, 14(1), 215-229. https://doi.org/10.4312/ars.14.1.215-229