Okvirjanje nasilja v predsedniškem diskurzu

Študija govorov Baracka Obame

  • Katja Plemenitaš Univerza v Mariboru, Filozofska fakulteta
Ključne besede: okviri vrednotenja, nasilje nad temnopoltimi Američani, Obama, predsedniška retorika

Povzetek

V prispevku so obravnavane značilnosti sodobne ameriške predsedniške politične retorike s posebnim poudarkom na govorih Baracka Obame, s katerimi se je odzval na uboje temnopoltih Američanov. Trije od analiziranih govorov vsebujejo Obamov odziv na sodne odločitve, ki so zavrnile obtožbo policistov, odgovornih za uboj, v enem od govorov pa se je odzval na množični umor temnopoltih faranov s strani belega skrajneža. Študija temelji na analizi jezikovnih kategorij vrednotenja, ki so pojmovane kot okviri vrednotenja. Okviri vrednotenja udeležence v diskurzu osvetlijo s presojami vedenja in pripisovanja čustev ter z vrednotenjem predmetov in pojavov. Koncept okvirov vrednotenja temelji na spoznanjih teorije medijske komunikacije in teorije jezika vrednotenja v sistemsko-funkcijskem jezikoslovju. Ugotovitve analize kažejo, da Obama uporablja preplet pozitivnih in negativnih vrednotenj različnih vrst, da bi presegel rasno kategorizacijo in se izognil neposrednemu pripisovanju krivde. Raziskava pokaže tudi, da Obama rasne razdelitve pogosto uokvirja tako, da udeležence na nasprotnih straneh poenoti z istim okvirom.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

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Barack Obama’s speeches for analysis

Remarks by the President on Trayvon Martin, 19 July 2013, www.whitehouse.gov.

Remarks by the President after the Announcement of the Decision by the Grand Jury in Ferguson, Missouri, 24 Nov. 2014, www.whitehouse.gov.

President Obama’s Statement on Eric Garner, 3 Dec. 2014, www.whitehouse.gov.

The Statement by the President on the Shooting in Charleston, South Caroline, 18 June 2015, www.whitehouse.gov.

Objavljeno
2020-06-23
Kako citirati
PlemenitašK. (2020). Okvirjanje nasilja v predsedniškem diskurzu. Ars & Humanitas, 14(1), 139-155. https://doi.org/10.4312/ars.14.1.139-155