Sodobna britanska satira in problematika persone pri Jonathanu Swiftu

  • John Stubbs Univerza v Ljubljani, Filozofska fakulteta
Ključne besede: satira, retorika, persona, Swift, Quintilian, Boris Johnson

Povzetek

Članek podaja primer književne persone Jonathana Swifta v kontekstu moderne satirične kulture. V zadnjem času so številni komentatorji opozarjali na krizo britanske satire. Sklicevali so se na Horkheimerjevo in Adornovo teorijo, ki trdi, da komedija v resnici podpira interese moči, ki jih navidezno spodkopava. Avtor trdi, da Swift to teorijo v določenem pogledu potrjuje, vendar pa postavlja tudi drugačen, zahtevnejši standard za satiro. Swiftova satira je namreč posebna, če ne edinstvena v tem, da se odkrito samoonesposablja: v svoji najvišji obliki uporabi persono, ki presega domet sodobne in klasične teorije. S takim načinom bralce sooča s kompleksnim in angažiranim izražanjem politične nemoči, vendar pa uporablja tudi ironijo, da pokaže resnico. Swift torej sodobni satiri postavlja zahtevne standarde: ta naj se zoper nepravičnost bori z neomejenimi in, če je treba, tudi maščevalnimi izrazi.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

Literatura

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Objavljeno
2020-06-23
Kako citirati
StubbsJ. (2020). Sodobna britanska satira in problematika persone pri Jonathanu Swiftu. Ars & Humanitas, 14(1), 27-40. https://doi.org/10.4312/ars.14.1.27-40