Comparative Analysis of Coronavirus Metaphoric Representation in Chinese and Russian Online Media
Keywords:coronavirus, WAR metaphor, media discourse, metaphorical model, discourse metaphor, Chinese media
This article aims at comparing the coronavirus metaphorical image in the online media of China and the Russia. Metaphor is viewed as a cognitive frame within the discourse. The study was conducted on 750 and 1000 headlines and leads of news reports about the coronavirus for the Chinese and Russian language. The results show that the virus image is based on similar metaphorical models, but the quantitative analysis of metaphors and metaphorical entailments indicate significant differences in the virus image that media creates. The coronavirus image in the PRC media mainly represents as an enemy which should be fought, and can be defeated, what helps to cool down public opinion. The Russian media discourse treats the coronavirus as a surprise enemy that is dangerous, and it is not clear “how it can be won”.
Anthony, L. (2013). A critical look at software tools in corpus linguistics. Linguistic Research, 30(2), 141–161. DOI:10.17250/khisli.30.2.201308.001
Camus, J. (2009). Metaphors of cancer in scientific popularization articles in the British press. Discourse Studies, 11(4), 465–495. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461445609105220
Charteris-Black, J. (2004). Corpus approaches to critical metaphor analysis. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan Book Company. https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230000612
Deignan, A. (2015). MIP, the corpus and dictionaries: What makes for the best metaphor analysis? Metaphor and the Social World, 5(1), 145–154. https://doi.org/10.1075/msw.5.1.09dei
Hart, C. (2011). Force-Interactive Patterns in Immigration Discourse: A Cognitive Linguistic Approach to CDA. Discourse and Society, 22(3), 269–286. https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926510395440
Hart, C., & Lukes, D. (2007). Cognitive Linguistics in Critical Discourse Analysis: Application and Theory. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
Hülsse, R. (2003). Sprache ist mehr als Argumentation. Zur wirklichkeitskonstituierenden Rolle von Metaphern. Zeitschrift für Int. Beziehungen, 10(2). https://doi.org/10.2307/40843931
Kalinin, O. I. (2020). Discoursive metaphor of coronavirus in PRC media. MSLU Vestnik. Humanitarian Studies, 8(837), 26-37. (In Russ.)
Kalinin, O. I. (2018). Metaphorical image of Chinese People's Liberation Army in Chinese Mass Media. Political Linguistics Journal, 6(72), 55-59.
Kövecses, Z. (2005). Metaphor in Culture: Universality and Variation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.5860/choice.43-1393
Kövecses, Z. (2016). Conceptual metaphor theor. Routledge Handook of Metaphor Language, 13–27. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315672953
Lakoff, G., & Johnson, M. (1980). Metaphors we live by. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Larson, B., Nerlich, B., & Wallis, P. (2005). Metaphors and biorisks: The war on infectious diseases and invasive species. Science Communication, 26(3), 243–268. https://doi.org/10.1177/1075547004273019
Li, W. (2016). Rethinking Critical Metaphor Analysis. International Journal of English Linguistics, 6(2), 92. https://doi.org/10.5539/ijel.v6n2p92
Popova, Z. D., & Sternin, I. A. (2007). Language and National World . Voronezh: Istoki (In Russ)
Sandahl, C. (2001). Performing metaphors: AIDS, disability, and technology. Contemporary Theatre Review: The Performance of Disability Special Issue, 11, 49–60. https://doi.org/10.1080/10486800108568638
Simpson, P., Mayr, A., & Statham, S. (2018). Critical Metaphor Analysis. Language and Power. Second edition, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon; New York, Routledge, 229–236. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429468896-47
Trčková, D. (2015). Representations of Ebola and its victims in liberal American newspapers. Topics in Linguistics, 16(1), 29–41. https://doi.org/10.2478/topling-2015-0009
Walter, J., & Helmig, J. (2005). Metaphors as Agents of Signification. Towards a Discursive Analyses of metaphors. ECPR Granada Workshop Metaphors in Political Science. https://ecpr.eu/Filestore/PaperProposal/dfffad52-3887-48f3-acf3-d6c82c38c7b4.pdf
Washer, P. (2004). Representations of SARS in the British newspapers. Social Science & Medicine, 59(12), 2561–2571. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2004.03.038
Weiss, G., & Wodak, R. (2003). Critical discourse analysis: Theory and interdisciplinarity. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.
Wodak, R., Meyer, M. (2009). Methods of critical discourse analysis. 2nd ed. London: Sage.
Wodak, R. (2006). Mediation between discourse and society: assessing cognitive approaches in CDA. Discourse Studies, 8(1), 179-190, https://doi.org/10.1177/1461445606059566
Zinken, J., Hellsten, I., & Nerlich, B. (2008). Discourse metaphors. Discourse. 243-256. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/288909625_Discourse_metaphors
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Kalinin Oleg
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors are confirming that they are the authors of the submitting article, which will be published online in journal Acta Linguistica Asiatica by Ljubljana University Press, Faculty of Arts (University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts, Aškerčeva 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia). Author’s name will be evident in the article in journal. All decisions regarding layout and distribution of the work are in hands of the publisher.
- Authors guarantee that the work is their own original creation and does not infringe any statutory or common-law copyright or any proprietary right of any third party. In case of claims by third parties, authors commit their self to defend the interests of the publisher, and shall cover any potential costs.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.