The Many Meanings of the Japanese Causative
Widening the Pragmatic Take on the –(sa)seru Causative Sentence
Causative sentences have long been a topic of research in Japanese linguistics due to the different meanings expressed by the use of the -(s)aseru inflection forming the causative verbal form. This paper presents a wider range of possible interpretations and meanings carried by Japanese causative sentences, the analysis of which was based on Fukada’s (2010) paper. The aim of this paper is to present the Japanese causative in simple terms, with the focus placed on the causer and the causee, i.e. on how their relationship connects to the overall meaning of the sentence. Through the analysis of example sentences, the transfer and expression of different meanings will also be discussed on examples from English and Croatian. Since the meaning of causative sentences often depends on the context, interpretations presented in this paper can serve as guidelines to understanding the versatility of the Japanese causative, and help when
expressing nuances of meaning in other languages.
Baron, N. S. (1974). The structure of English causatives. Lingua, 33(4), 299-342.
Hayatsu, E. 早津恵美子 (2016). Gendai Nihongo no shieki 『現代日本語の使役』. Hitsuji kenkyūsōsyo ひつじ研究叢書.
Heycock, C. (1987). The structure of the Japanese causative. The University of Edinburgh. Edinburgh Research Explorer.
Fukada, A. (2010). The Japanese Causative Controversy: A Pragmatic Perspective. Japanese Language and Literature 44, 21-43.
Glumac, D. (2015). Kauzativ i glagolski rod u japanskom jeziku u poređenju sa srpskim. Faculty of Phililogy, Belgrade. (Doctoral thesis).
Jaklin, P. ヤクリン・ペトラ (2020). Nihongo no shieki to sono Kuroachiago deno hyōgenhōhō: imikaisyaku no kanten kara atsukatta Akutagawa Ryūnosuke no Kappa ni okeru shiekibun 「日本語の使役とそのクロアチア語での表現方法―意味解釈の観点から扱った芥川竜之介の『河童』における使役文―. Nihongo komyūnikēsyon kenkyūronsyū 『日本語コミュニケーション研究論集』(9), 46-57.
Neeleman, A., & Van de Koot, H. (2012). The Linguistic Expression of Causation, pp. 1-27. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/263235725_The_Linguistic_Expression_of_Causation
Shigemori Bučar, C. (2006). Causative constructions in Japanese and Slovene. Linguistica, 46(1), 191-202.
Sinčić, B. (2018). Francuska konstrukcija “faire“+ infinitiv i njezini prijevodni ekvivalenti u hrvatskom jeziku: izricanje kauzativnosti u hrvatskom jeziku. Hrvatska znanstvena bibiografija (bib.irb.hr). Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Zagreb. (Master’s thesis)
Žagar Szentesi, O. (2011). Funkcionalne varijante konstrukcije dati se + infinitiv u hrvatskom jeziku – u okviru gramatikalizacije. Suvremena lingvistika, 37 (72), 295-318.
Murakami, H. 村上春樹 (2014, 2018). Noruwei no mori (ka/ge)) 『ノルウェイの森(上/下)』. Kōdansya bunko 講談社文庫.
Murakami, H. (2011). Norwegian wood. New York: Vintage International, Vintage books
Murakami, H. (2015). Norveška šuma. Zagreb: Vuković & Runjić
Copyright (c) 2020 Petra Jaklin
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors are confirming that they are the authors of the submitting article, which will be published online in journal Acta Linguistica Asiatica by Ljubljana University Press, Faculty of Arts (University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts, Aškerčeva 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia). Author’s name will be evident in the article in journal. All decisions regarding layout and distribution of the work are in hands of the publisher.
- Authors guarantee that the work is their own original creation and does not infringe any statutory or common-law copyright or any proprietary right of any third party. In case of claims by third parties, authors commit their self to defend the interests of the publisher, and shall cover any potential costs.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.