Image of Japan among Slovenes
Borrowed Words of Japanese Origin in Slovene
Keywords:loanwords, Slovene, Japanese, borrowing, derivation, number and gender
This paper presents the process and mechanism of borrowing from Japanese into Slovene. Japan and Slovenia are geographically and culturally quite distant, and the two languages are genealogically not related. Between such two languages, not many borrowings are expected, but there is a certain amount of borrowed words of Japanese origin in today's Slovene. The focus of this paper is on the words of Japanese origin that are well integrated in today’s Slovene. Firstly, the process of borrowing is analysed: there are three main phases for successful borrowing from Japanese into Slovene, but during the process, some obstacles may hinder the completion of this process, so that further creative use of some borrowed words in the Slovene environment cannot be expected. The second part of this paper will closely look at the loanwords of Japanese origin which are already recorded as headwords in today’s dictionaries of Slovene. The loanwords are analysed in relation to the borrowing process and adjustments, their semantic fields, and wherever possible, their diachronic changes in use, and other specifics. At the end, the image of Japan seen through the borrowing process and consolidated loanwords is summarized, and possible development of borrowing in the near future is predicted.
FRAN (2017). Dictionaries of the Fran Ramovš Institute of the Slovenian Language ZRC SAZU Version 5.0. Ljubljana: ZRC SAZU. Available at https://fran.si/
Golob, N., & Petrovčič, M. (2018). Hokkaido Pumpkins and Huawei Phones: Anti-hiatus Tendencies in Slovene. Acta Linguistica Asiatica, 8(2), 63-82. https://doi.org/10.4312/ala.8.2.63-82
Mlakar, B. (2009). Pregled sistemov latiničnega zapisa japonskega jezika, Predlogi za zapisovanje in pregibanje besed iz japonščine in kitajščine. Azijske študije, 13(2), 26-38.
Priestly, T. M. S. (1993). Slovene. In B. Comrie & G. Corbett (Eds.) The Slavonic languages (pp. 388-451). London: Routledge.
Shibatani, M. (1990). The Japanese Language 8: Phonology. The Languages of Japan (pp. 158-184). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Shigemori Bučar, C. (Ed.) (2009). Predlogi za zapisovanje in pregibanje besed iz japonščine in kitajščine. Ljubljana: Oddelek za azijske in afriške študije, Filozofska fakulteta, Univerza v Ljubljani.
Shigemori Bučar, C. (2011). Creative competence in borrowings: words of Japanese origin in Slovene. Linguistica, 51, 245-262.
Shigemori Bučar, C. (2012). Gendai surovuenia-go ni okeru nihongo kara no gairai-go — keitai-teki kategorī to washa no sōzō-sei [現代スロヴェニア語における日本語からの外来語—形態的カテゴリーと話者の創造性]. Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium of the Department of Asian Studies, Faculty of Arts, University of Ljubljana (pp. 36-41). Ljubljana: University Press.
Toporišič, J. (2000). Slovenska slovnica. Maribor: Založba obzorja.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2019 Chikako SHIGEMORI BUČAR
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors are confirming that they are the authors of the submitting article, which will be published online in journal Acta Linguistica Asiatica by Ljubljana University Press, Faculty of Arts (University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts, Aškerčeva 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia). Author’s name will be evident in the article in journal. All decisions regarding layout and distribution of the work are in hands of the publisher.
- Authors guarantee that the work is their own original creation and does not infringe any statutory or common-law copyright or any proprietary right of any third party. In case of claims by third parties, authors commit their self to defend the interests of the publisher, and shall cover any potential costs.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.