Phonemic status of Bangla nasal vowels: A corpus study
This study investigated the phonemic status of the nasal vowels in Bangla (aka Bengali). It has been claimed for decades that all the seven monophthongal oral vowels in Bangla have phonemically contrastive nasal counterparts; however, an in-depth investigation of the status of nasality for all the vowels is lacking in the current literature. With a phoneme dictionary build from a text corpus of 8 (eight) million word-tokens and about 275 thousand word-types, this study investigated whether all the oral vowels have phonemically contrastive nasal vowels. Findings revealed that only five of the seven monophthongal vowels form phonemically contrastive relationships with their nasal counterparts; nasality in /æ/ and /ɔ/ are not contrastive phonemically.
Alam, F., Habib, S. M., & Khan, M. (2008). Acoustic analysis of Bangla vowel inventory. Tech. rep. Center for Research on Bangla Language Processing; BRAC University. Retrieved on May 20, 2018, from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.173.651&rep=rep1&type=pdf
Arafat, Y., Islam, M. Z., & Khan, M. (2006). Analysis and Observations from a Bangla news corpus. Proc. of 9th International Conference on Computer and Information Technology (ICCIT 2006), Dhaka, Bangladesh, December 2006.
Barman, B. (2011). A contrastive analysis of English and Bangla phonemics. Dhaka University Journal of Linguistics, 2(4), 19-42.
Basu, J., Basu, T., Mitra, M., & Mandal, S. K. D. (2009). Grapheme to phoneme (g2p) conversion for Bangla. In Speech database and assessments, 2009 Oriental COCOSDA International Conference, 66-71. IEEE.
CMU Dict. (2018). The CMU pronouncing dictionary. Retrieved on June 10, 2018 from http://www.speech.cs.cmu.edu/cgi-bin/cmudict?in=C+M+U+Dictionary.
Huq, D. (2002). Bhasha Bigganer Katha [Facts about Linguistics]. Dhakaː Mowla Brothers.
Huq, M. E., Lahiri, S., & Sarker, S. (2000). Bangla Academy Byabaharik Bangla Abhidhan [Bangla Academy Functional Bengali Dictionary]. Dhakaː Bangla Academy.
Kennedy, R. (2017). Phonology: A coursebook. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Khan, S. D. (2008). Intonational phonology and focus prosody of Bengali. UCLA Dissertation. Proquest UMI Dissertation Publishing.
Morshed, A. K. M. (1972). The phonological, morphological and syntactical patterns of standard colloquial Bengali and the Noakhali dialect. University of British Columbia MA thesis.
R Core Team. (2017). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing Vienna, Austria. https://www.R-project.org/.
Sarkar, P. (2004). Segmental phonology of standard colloquial Bengali. University of Chicago, Department of Linguistics dissertation.
Shamim, A. (2011). A reanalysis of Bengali vowel assimilation with special attention to metaphony. The City University of New York, MA thesis.
Thompson, H. (2012). Bengali. Amsterdam, Philadelphiaː John Benjamins Publishing Company.
Zsiga, E. C. (2013). The sounds of language: An introduction to phonetics and phonology. Oxford, Massachusettsː John Wiley & Sons.
Copyright (c) 2018 Md Jahurul ISLAM
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors are confirming that they are the authors of the submitting article, which will be published online in journal Acta Linguistica Asiatica by Ljubljana University Press, Faculty of Arts (University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts, Aškerčeva 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia). Author’s name will be evident in the article in journal. All decisions regarding layout and distribution of the work are in hands of the publisher.
- Authors guarantee that the work is their own original creation and does not infringe any statutory or common-law copyright or any proprietary right of any third party. In case of claims by third parties, authors commit their self to defend the interests of the publisher, and shall cover any potential costs.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.