Prefixation Ability Index and Verbal Grammar Correlation Index prove the reality of Buyeo group

Authors

  • Alexander AKULOV Independent scholar; St. Petersburg

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4312/ala.6.1.81-97

Keywords:

skupina Buyeo, japonščina, korejščina, primerjalno jezikoslovje, jezikovna tipologija

Abstract

All suggestions about reality of Buyeo group were based on the representation of a language as a heap of lexemes: such method allows different scholars to make different conclusions and doesn't suppose verification. Language is first of all structure/grammar, but not a heap of lexemes, so methods of comparative linguistics should be based on comparison of grammars. Prefixation Ability Index (PAI) and Verbal Grammar Correlation Index (VGCI) are typology based tools of comparative linguistics. PAI allows us to see whether languages are potentially related: if values of PAI differ more than fourfold, it's a sign of unrelatedness, if PAI values differ less than fourfold, there is a possibility for some further search to find proves of relatedness. VGCI completely answers questions about relatedness/unrelatedness: if VGCI value is 0.4 and more then languages are related, if VGCI is 0.3 and less then  languages are unrelated. PAI of Japanese is 0.13, PAI of Korean is 0.13; it means they can be related. VGCI of Japanese and Korean is 0.57, it's almost the same as VGCI of English and Afrikaans that is 0.56, so it means that Japanese and Korean belong to the same group, but not just to the same family.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Akulov, A. (2015a). Prefixation Ability Index as a mean that allows us to see whether certain languages can potentially be genetically related. Cultural Anthropology and Ethnosemiotics, 1(2), 2–16.

Akulov, A. (2015b). Verbal Grammar Correlation Index (VGCI) method: a detailed description. Cultural Anthropology and Ethnosemiotics, 1(4), 19–42.

Akulov, A. (2015c). Whether is it possible to prove genetic unrelatedness of certain languages? Cultural Anthropology and Ethnosemiotics, 1(3), 2–4.

Akulov, A. (2015d). Why conclusions about genetic affiliation of certain language should be based on comparison of grammar but not on comparison of lexis? Cultural Anthropology and Ethnosemiotics, 1(3), 5–9.

Barhkhudarov, L.S.; Belyaevskaya, E. G.; Zagorul'ko, B. A.; Shveitser, A.D. (2000). Angliiskii yazyk [English language] In: N.N. Semenyuk, V.P. Kalygin, O.I. Romanova (eds.) Yazyki mira. Germanskie i kel'tskie yazyki [Languages of the world. Germanic languages. Celtic langauges] Moskow: Academia: 43–87.

Beckwith, C. (2007). Koguryo, the language of Japan's continental relatives. Leiden – Boston: Brill.

Brown, S. (2015). A bioimformatic perspective on linguistic relatedness. Cultural Anthropology and Ethnosemiotics, 1(4), 43–52.
Lavrent'yev, B. P. (2002). Prakticheskaya grammatika yaponskogo yazyka [Practical grammar of Japanese]. Moscow: Zhivoi Yazyk.

Mazur, Yu. N.(2004). Grammatika koreiskogo yazyka (Morfologiya. Slovoobrazovanie) [Korean grammar. Morphology. Derivation]. Moscow: Muravey

Matisoff, J. A. (1990). On Megalocomparison. Language, 66(1), 106–120.
Mironov S.A. 2000. Afrikaans yazyk [Afrikaans language] In: N.N. Semenyuk, V.P. Kalygin, O.I. Romanova (eds.) Yazyki mira. Germanskie i kel'tskie yazyki [Languages of the world. Germanic languages. Celtic langauges] Moskow: Academia: 87–101.

Ogura S. (1934). 朝鮮語と日本語 [Chōsengo to nihongo] [Korean language and Japanese language]. Tokyo: Meiji Shoin.

Starostin, S. (1991). Altaisakaya problema I proiskhozhdenie yaponskogo yazyka. Moscow. Nauka.

Tenishev, E. R. (ed.) (1996). Yazyki mira. Tyurksiye yazyki [Languages of the world. Turkic langauges]. Moscow: Izadel'skii dom "Kyrgyzstan".

Vovin, A. (2010). Koreo-Japonica A Re-Evaluation of a Common Genetic Origin. Honolulu: University of Hawaiʻi Press.

Downloads

Published

29.06.2016

How to Cite

AKULOV, A. (2016). Prefixation Ability Index and Verbal Grammar Correlation Index prove the reality of Buyeo group. Acta Linguistica Asiatica, 6(1), 81–97. https://doi.org/10.4312/ala.6.1.81-97

Issue

Section

Research articles