A Phonemic and Acoustic Analysis of Hindko Fricatives


  • Haroon Ur RASHID UAJ&K
  • Abdul Qadir KHAN




Hindko, phonemic, acoustic, temporal properties, spectral cues, friction


The Hindko language is mainly spoken in the province of Khyber Pukhtunkhaw, Pakistan. It relates to the Indo-Aryan family of languages. This paper focusses on the phonemic and acoustic analysis of Hindko fricatives. The phonemic analysis identifies that Hindko has eight fricatives. The acoustic analysis aims to explore temporal and spectral characteristics of these fricatives. The acoustic analysis discloses that Hindko fricatives are distinguishable on the basis of the temporal properties such as friction duration and spectral cues like turbulence noise.


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How to Cite

RASHID, H. U., & KHAN, A. Q. (2015). A Phonemic and Acoustic Analysis of Hindko Fricatives. Acta Linguistica Asiatica, 4(3), 71–81. https://doi.org/10.4312/ala.4.3.71-81



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