A Phonemic and Acoustic Analysis of Hindko Fricatives

Authors

  • Haroon Ur RASHID UAJ&K
  • Abdul Qadir KHAN

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4312/ala.4.3.71-81

Keywords:

Hindko, phonemic, acoustic, temporal properties, spectral cues, friction

Abstract

The Hindko language is mainly spoken in the province of Khyber Pukhtunkhaw, Pakistan. It relates to the Indo-Aryan family of languages. This paper focusses on the phonemic and acoustic analysis of Hindko fricatives. The phonemic analysis identifies that Hindko has eight fricatives. The acoustic analysis aims to explore temporal and spectral characteristics of these fricatives. The acoustic analysis discloses that Hindko fricatives are distinguishable on the basis of the temporal properties such as friction duration and spectral cues like turbulence noise.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Haroon Ur RASHID, UAJ&K

Assistant Proffessor

References

Boersma, P., & David, W. (1999). Praat. Accessed from: http://.fon.hum.uva.nl.praat.

Davenport, M., & Hannahs, S. J. (2005). Introducing phonetics & phonology. UK: Hodder Education.

Haroon-ur-Rashid & Sohail, A. (2011). A brief introduction of Hindko language. Language in India, 11(11), 471-482.

Hughes, G. W., & Halle, M. (1956). Spectral properties of fricative consonants. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 28, 303-310.

Halle, M. (1959). The sound pattern of Russian. The Hague: Mouton & Co.
Heinz, J. M. & Stevens, K. (1961). On the properties of voiceless fricative consonants. The Journal of Acoustical Society of America, 33, 589-601.

Jongman, A., Wayland, R., & Wong, S. (2000). Acoustic characteristics of English fricatives. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 108, 1252-1263.

Kent, R. D. & Charles, R. (1996). Acoustic analysis of speech. San Diego: Singular Publishing Group.

Ladefoged, P. (2001). A course in phonetics. USA: Harcourt College Publisher.

Lothers, M. &Lothers, L. (2010). Pahari and Pothwari: A sociolinguistics survey Islamabad: Summer Institute of Linguistics.

Norlin, K. (1983). Acoustic analysis of fricatives in Cairo Arabic. Working Papers Lund University Department of Linguistics, 25, 113-137.

Pickett, J. M. (1999). The acoustics of speech communication fundamentals, speech perception theory, and technology. Boston: Allan and Bacon.

Tomiak, G.R. (1990). An acoustic and perceptual analysis of the spectral invariant with voiceless fricative obstruents (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). SUNY Buffalo.

Downloads

Published

17.02.2015
Supporting Agencies
none

How to Cite

RASHID, H. U., & KHAN, A. Q. (2015). A Phonemic and Acoustic Analysis of Hindko Fricatives. Acta Linguistica Asiatica, 4(3), 71–81. https://doi.org/10.4312/ala.4.3.71-81

Issue

Section

Research articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)