From grammatical to pragmatic competence: tense and aspect as politeness devices in English for tourism purposes
To start reducing the probable discrepancy between English for Tourism Purposes (ETP) learners’ pragmatic and grammatical development, the pragmatic facets of the polyvalent grammatical categories should be reflected in the instruction. The study focused on tense and aspect with two complementary aims: 1) to identify and set forth a characterization of tense and aspectual verbal forms used as the internal pragmatic modifiers contributing to politeness in ETP, and 2) to highlight the relevant points and outline the proposals for ETP teachers. The listening scripts from four textbooks were used in an analysis primarily oriented towards pragmalinguistics. The study confirmed the association between the investigated linguistic items and politeness, and provided the theoretical account of the hypothetical past, past tense and progressive aspect, but also shed light on the politeness effects conveyed by future-reference verbal forms. It also suggested an approach in ETP instruction based on raising students’ pragmatic awareness.
Copyright (c) 2018 Aleksandra Radovanović, Dragoslava Mićović
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors are confirming that they are the authors of the submitting article, which will be published (print and online) in journal Journal for Foreign Languages by Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani (University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts, Aškerčeva 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia). Author’s name will be evident in the article in journal. All decisions regarding layout and distribution of the work are in hands of the publisher.
- Authors guarantee that the work is their own original creation and does not infringe any statutory or common-law copyright or any proprietary right of any third party. In case of claims by third parties, authors commit their self to defend the interests of the publisher, and shall cover any potential costs.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the publisher right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.