Time and narration in Clarín’s La Regenta

  • Vladimir Karanović
Keywords: Spanish naturalism, time, narratology, Leopoldo Alas Clarín, La Regenta

Abstract

This paper focuses on the ambiguous concept of time in the novel La Regenta (1884–1885), by Leopoldo Alas Clarín. Time influences the sequence of events in narrative text and materializes through narrative discourse. It can be argued that time relates at once to the spatial and historical dimensions more than it does just to temporal dimension in a narrow sense. Therefore, time and narration in novel can be characterized as pseudo-temporal. The concept of time in this novel of Clarín’s can be seen from two basic perspectives: the linguistic time of narration which is present on the level of language, and figurative time, related to the illusion of time created through narrative text (story time and discourse time). Story time usually involves three methods: retrospection, anticipation and inversion. This paper also considers syntactic aspects of the category of time: the order, sequence and duration of narration. When it comes to the structure of this novel, two parts can be singled out. These parts have almost equal scopes that match with the original version of the novel, which was divided into two parts. The first part is static and expositive and has only a three day time span (chapters I–XV). The second part is dynamic and spans three years (chapters XVI–XXX). The structural and temporal features of the narration help us to identify the cyclic structure of the novel more easily – time has passed and nothing has changed. Vetusta, the static place, has caused one human tragedy. That way, Clarín strategically plays with the concept of time, turning his characters into inanimate beings that after a spiritual fight stay inert and petrified.

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Author Biography

Vladimir Karanović

Vladimir Karanović se licenció en la Facultad de Filología de la Universidad de Belgrado (2005). Desde el 2005 trabaja como asistente de literatura española en la Facultad de Filología y Artes (Universidad de Kragujevac) y en la Cátedra de Estudios Ibéricos de la Universidad de Belgrado. Su campo de estudio es la literatura española, especialmente la novela picaresca, el teatro barroco, la novela del siglo XIX. Es editor de una colección de traducciones de los Clásicos del realismo español en la editorial Pi-Press. Actualmente prepara su tesis doctoral bajo el título Ideología de liberalismo y tradicionalismo en las novelas de Leopoldo Alas Clarín.

Published
2012-12-31
How to Cite
KaranovićV. (2012). Time and narration in Clarín’s La Regenta. Verba Hispanica, 20(2), 151-163. https://doi.org/10.4312/vh.20.2.151-163
Section
Literature