Oprekelj (Dulcimer, Hackbrett) in Slovenia
AbstractThe oprekelj (Dulcimer, Hackbrett) is an instrument of foreign origin, but has been used to meet the everyday expressive needs of the Slovene man throughout the Slovene ethnic territory (excluding Bela Krajina), a fact also determining its social role. From the available data, for the time from the 19th century up to 1979, when the last oprekelj player died in Slovenia, the following functions of the instrument can be identified: at various ceremonies it was used as a dance accompaniment, for carol performing on various occasions throughout the year, for acquiring basic provisions and for carnival revelling in the 18th century the oprekelj is part of a bigger instrumental ensemble: oprekelj, škant (violin), bajs (double bass) or small bass, klenet (clarinet), joined occasionally by a hunting horn and a trumpet, an accordion and the singers. The transformation of the instrument and its use, bound in the past to polyfunctional expressive needs of a broader community, developed in the direction of monofunctional usage: from participation at dances and village revelries etc. to domestic pleasures of a narrower family circle, all of which caused a reduction of reproductive participation and playing technique, a reduction of the repertoire as well as of constructive elements of the instrument. Already in the 18th century the usual trio has the cast: oprekelj – violin – double bass or oprekelj – clarinet – double bass. Leopold Pivk. Sen., played even in the more reduced combination oprekelj and violin, whereas Leopold Pivk, Jun., was only able to play a few tunes on this instrument. The changes involving a reduction of the instrument's social functions and an accomodation to a new aesthetic taste of the time did not lead to a hybridization of "old and new", but throughout the 19th and 20th centuries towards the inevitable disuse of the instrument.
Copyright (c) 1980 Mira Omerzel-Terlep
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors are confirming that they are the authors of the submitting article, which will be published (print and online) in journal Musicological Annual by Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani (University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts, Aškerčeva 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia). Author’s name will be evident in the article in journal. All decisions regarding layout and distribution of the work are in hands of the publisher.
- Authors guarantee that the work is their own original creation and does not infringe any statutory or common-law copyright or any proprietary right of any third party. In case of claims by third parties, authors commit their self to defend the interests of the publisher, and shall cover any potential costs.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.