The Lieder of Petar Konjović
AbstractPetar Konjović represents one of the outstanding personalities among those Serbian composers who were at the beginning of the 20th century announcing the end of romanticism in Serbia. In accordance with his aesthetic principles he raised Serbian 19th century musical nationalism to a higher level enriching it with specific late romantic traits. Konjović's lieder were composed between 1903 and 1925. From time to time he published them, separately or in groups, but the most important ones were issued later, in a collection entitled "Lyrics". This collection comprises twenty-four compositions which represent the summit of the late romantic lied in Serbia. Only for a short period did Konjović abandon nationalism, the most characteristic feature of the Serbian romantic lied, and paid tribute to the international style of contemporary European music. Soon he returned to his former views, so that his whole subsequent compositional activity in the field of the lied was nationally oriented. However, it should be emphasized that he succeded in amalgamating technical developments of late European romanticism with the characteristics of the vernacular musical tradition. He proceeded from the text, considering it an integral part of every vocal-instrumental composition. A musical treatment of the text was for Konjović of basic importance, for only an adequate plasticity of sound of the words sung could adequately express the spirit and characteristics of the poetic verse. He insisted upon an equilibrium between the text and the melodic line. In poetry he sought and found inspiration for his melodical designs from which the piano accompaniment resulted, as an instrumental interpreter of the textual characteristics. As regards expression and compositional technique Konjović's lieder show all the traits of late romanticism. These are reflected in the nearly exclusive application of the through-composed form and its coherent structure, in expressive and chromaticly rich melodies, in the rhythmical structure, always in keeping with the metrical subtleties of the text, in harmony which has become of equal expressive importance as the melody, and last but not least, in the complete individualization of the piano part. Nevertheless, it is Konjović's harmonic language that most powerfully "carries" the effect of the poetic text and most imposingly characterizes the stylistic physiognomy of his compositions. Digressions from the tonal centre, weakened harmonic functions within a given tonality, rich use of "external" (dominant and subdominant) harmonies, chromatic and enharmonic modulations etc. are typical late romantic traits of the harmonic structure of Konjović's lieder.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 1974 Zijo Kučukalić
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors are confirming that they are the authors of the submitting article, which will be published (print and online) in journal Musicological Annual by Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani (University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts, Aškerčeva 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia). Author’s name will be evident in the article in journal. All decisions regarding layout and distribution of the work are in hands of the publisher.
- Authors guarantee that the work is their own original creation and does not infringe any statutory or common-law copyright or any proprietary right of any third party. In case of claims by third parties, authors commit their self to defend the interests of the publisher, and shall cover any potential costs.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.