Documenta Praehistorica <p>DOCUMENTA PRAEHISTORICA&nbsp;is a yearly journal of archaeological interdisciplinary scientific research. It is one of the main world-wide international journals of interpretations of modern archaeological research data related to the processes and to the events in the World prehistory.</p> en-US <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol start="1"> <li class="show">Authors are confirming that they are the authors of the submitting article, which will be published (print and online) in journal <strong>Documenta Praehistorica</strong>&nbsp;by Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani (University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts, Aškerčeva 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia). Author’s name will be evident in the article in journal. All decisions regarding layout and distribution of the work are in hands of the publisher.</li> <li class="show">Authors guarantee that the work is their own original creation and does not infringe any statutory or common-law copyright or any proprietary right of any third party. In case of claims by third parties, authors commit their self to defend the interests of the publisher, and shall cover any potential costs.</li> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.</li> </ol> (Prof. Dr. Mihael Budja) (Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete) Wed, 02 Jun 2021 10:28:52 +0200 OJS 60 Appetite for Destruction <p>Destruction processes are considered ‘time capsules of material culture’ (<em>Driessen 2013</em>) as they freeze a site at one moment of its history providing key evidence for interpreting the archaeological record and reconstructing social, political, cultural and ideological circumstances. By focusing on selected case-studies, this paper aims at briefly discussing existing evidence of destruction events in Bronze Age contexts in Cyprus, and at a preliminary presentation of new research data resulting from ongoing interdisciplinary analyses at Middle Bronze Age Erimi.</p> Luca Bombardieri, Marialucia Amadio Copyright (c) 2021 Luca Bombardieri, Marialucia Amadio Mon, 31 May 2021 00:00:00 +0200 The Iron Gates Mesolithic in a Regional Context <p>The specific character of the Iron Gates Mesolithic material culture derives from the geomorphological and ecological features of the Iron Gates gorge in the Early Holocene. However, the Mesolithic of this geographic area can be entirely linked to the general flows of Mesolithic development in Europe as well as to the phenomena observed in the Adriatic-Ionian and Aegean zones. This demonstrates that the cultural, technological and economic changes which occurred during the Early Holocene were influenced by the same or similar factors as the entire area of the Balkan Peninsula. The absence of Mesolithic settlements outside the Iron Gates raises the question of whether the interior parts of the Central Balkans were inhabited during the Early Holocene. As hinted by the research in the Iron Gates and the Adriatic hinterland, Mesolithic settlements were probably located outside the denser forested areas (in the littoral and high-altitude zones) but this remains to be confirmed. Based on the assessment of the demographic potential of Mesolithic and Neolithic communities, four scenarios of Neolithisation of different parts of the Balkan Peninsula have been proposed.</p> Dušan Mihailović Copyright (c) 2021 Dušan Mihailović Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Including Explicit Priors on Phase Duration in Bayesian 14C Dating <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Bayesian modelling of radiocarbon dates directly integrates information obtained through archaeological analysis. Here, I explain how to add known information/reasonable assumptions about the length of a deposition phase, using the example of date sequences from two Early Neolithic communities in the Aegean whose dating has been hotly debated, <em>i.e.</em> basal Knossos (Crete) and Nea Nikomedeia (Northern Greece). The consequences of the re-evaluation of their dates are discussed for the broader picture of the Neolithisation in the Aegean and for the chronology of the regional use of stamps.</p> </div> </div> </div> Igor Yanovich Copyright (c) 2021 Igor Yanovich Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Bone Tools at the Late Pre-Hispanic Site Boyo Paso 2 (Sierras of Córdoba, Argentina) <p>The aim of the article is to assess the role played by bone tools at Boyo Paso 2 (Sierras of Córdoba, Argentina), an open-air site interpreted as a basecamp seasonally occupied by mobile mixed foraging and farming people c. 900–700 years BP. The results suggest that diverse activities were carried out on-site, including hunting or warfare, tool production, food processing and rituals. Bone tool analysis may enable reconstruction of the technological level, social organization, and cultural attitude towards the environment among people neither wholly foragers nor wholly farmers, a category for which archaeology currently lacks sufficient archaeological understanding and that merits further research.</p> Matías Medina, Sebastián Pastor Copyright (c) 2021 Matías Medina, Sebastián Pastor Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Chronological Modelling of the Chalcolithic Settlement Layers at Tell Yunatsite, Southern Bulgaria <p>This article publishes a new series of radiocarbon dates from Tell Yunatsite, Southern Bulgaria. Context-based excavations undertaken over a large surface area, as well as a small test trench, provided a long stratigraphic sequence (11 ‘building levels’) covering a large part of the Chalcolithic period in Thrace (5th millennium BCE). Bayesian statistics and Gaussian Monte Carlo Wiggle Matching were employed to achieve a fine chronology for the multilayered tell. Implications and problems on the application of the calibration curve for the Late and Final Chalcolithic in Bulgaria are also discussed.</p> Yavor Boyadzhiev, Kamen Boyadzhiev, Lennart Brandtstätter, Raiko Krauß Copyright (c) 2021 Yavor Boyadzhiev, Kamen Boyadzhiev, Lennart Brandtstätter, Raiko Krauß Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 The Freston Causewayed Enclosure <p>Current models view southeast England as where Neolithic lifeways were first introduced to Britain from continental Europe c. 4000 cal BC, however, there has been little work detailing this process in coastal East Anglia. In 2019, work at the Freston causewayed enclosure provided the first view of a major gathering space associated with semi-mobile farming communities of the Early Neolithic in the county of Suffolk and located on a major estuary close to the North Sea. Excavation produced a rich assemblage of worked flint and Mildenhall Ware pottery (potentially for feasting), plus evidence for the consumption of cereals and hazelnuts.</p> Tristan Carter, Nathaniel Jackson, Rose Moir, Dana Challinor, Charlotte Diffey Copyright (c) 2021 Tristan Carter, Nathaniel Jackson, Rose Moir, Dana Challinor, Charlotte Diffey Mon, 31 May 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Knap & Keep <p>The tradition of lithic caches illustrates a special strategy of storing lithics which were extracted from <em>chaîne opératoire</em> for some time to be kept/hidden in a special place with/without subsequent return and use. For the Palaeolithic – Neolithic/Jōmon of the Far East (Russian part and the Japanese Archipelago) within the frame of 35 000–2400 cal BP, this tradition demonstrates an impressive multiplicity (more than 400 cases), high diversity, duration, dynamics, and local variability. Such an abundant source of data opens rich perspectives for detailed technological analysis, functional interpretations, and interregional correlations, with analogies in the Stone Age cultures of the Near East, Europe, and North America.</p> Andrey V. Tabarev, Darya A. Ivanova, Yoshitaka Kanomata Copyright (c) 2021 Andrey V. Tabarev, Darya A. Ivanova, Yoshitaka Kanomata Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Early Neolithic Ritual Funerary Behaviours in the Westernmost Regions of the Mediterranean <p>An intact archaeological context named Locus 1 has recently been discovered at Dehesilla Cave (southern Spain). The ritual funerary deposition consists of a complete pottery jar with part of a human calvarium over the mouth, and was occulted by large stone blocks. This paper offers a presentation of the new data provided mainly by the stratigraphic, osteological, pottery, lithic and radiocarbon analyses. A systematic review of the relevant evidence in the Iberian Peninsula during the Early Neolithic (c. 5600–4800 cal BC) provides a context for this finding and supports its interpretation with reference to several possible anthropological scenarios.</p> Daniel García Rivero, Ruth Taylor, Cláudia Umbelino, Miriam Cubas, María Barrera Cruz, Manuel J. Díaz Rodríguez Copyright (c) 2021 Daniel García Rivero, Ruth Taylor, Cláudia Umbelino, Miriam Cubas, María Barrera Cruz, Manuel J. Díaz Rodríguez Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Insights into the Funerary Practices in the Dolmen of Cabecinha (Figueira da Foz, Portugal) <p>The dolmen of Cabecinha in the region of <em>Figueira da Foz</em> (Coimbra, Portugal) was excavated at the end of the 19th century by António dos Santos Rocha. This tomb belongs to a Megalithic necropolis of c. 21 dolmens in Western-Central Portugal and was explored and published between 1880 and 1909. The aim of this contribution is to present the human bone collection of the <em>Megalitho da Cabecinha</em>, cross-referencing this data with the original available documentation from the excavation and the chronology obtained from direct radiocarbon dating of a human bone fragment. This approach is adopted to get insights into the funerary practices, and the biological and pathological profiles of the individuals deposited in the dolmen. The most relevant information obtained pertains to the mortuary behaviour, where a unique funerary practice for this Megalithic necropolis was identified. In each corner of the irregular polygonal chamber, an adult individual was deposited in crouching or squatting position in sandy sediment and surrounded by small flat limestone slabs. All but one individual was associated with votive items.</p> Ana Maria Silva Copyright (c) 2021 Ana Maria Silva Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Enclosures of Death in the Early Iron Age <p>This article focuses on the study of the Early Iron Age necropolis of Esfola, taking into account the burial rituals of the site (the architecture, the funerary objects and the human skeletal analyses are dealt with in the context of ‘burial ritual’ studies). This research will contribute to the body of knowledge on Early Iron Age necropolises with enclosures, typical of the Beja and Ourique regions in southern Portugal, i.e. Vinha das Caliças 4, Monte do Bolor 1–2, Cinco Réis 8, Carlota and Palhais. All these sites identified in the southern Iberian Peninsula allow us to characterize the funerary rituals practised in this region during the Early Iron Age.</p> Linda Melo, Ana Maria Silva Copyright (c) Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200