Documenta Praehistorica 2021-06-02T10:48:01+02:00 Prof. Dr. Mihael Budja Open Journal Systems <p>DOCUMENTA PRAEHISTORICA&nbsp;is a yearly journal of archaeological interdisciplinary scientific research. It is one of the main world-wide international journals of interpretations of modern archaeological research data related to the processes and to the events in the World prehistory.</p> Appetite for Destruction 2021-06-02T10:48:01+02:00 Luca Bombardieri Marialucia Amadio <p>Destruction processes are considered ‘time capsules of material culture’ (<em>Driessen 2013</em>) as they freeze a site at one moment of its history providing key evidence for interpreting the archaeological record and reconstructing social, political, cultural and ideological circumstances. By focusing on selected case-studies, this paper aims at briefly discussing existing evidence of destruction events in Bronze Age contexts in Cyprus, and at a preliminary presentation of new research data resulting from ongoing interdisciplinary analyses at Middle Bronze Age Erimi.</p> 2021-05-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Luca Bombardieri, Marialucia Amadio The Iron Gates Mesolithic in a Regional Context 2021-06-02T10:47:42+02:00 Dušan Mihailović <p>The specific character of the Iron Gates Mesolithic material culture derives from the geomorphological and ecological features of the Iron Gates gorge in the Early Holocene. However, the Mesolithic of this geographic area can be entirely linked to the general flows of Mesolithic development in Europe as well as to the phenomena observed in the Adriatic-Ionian and Aegean zones. This demonstrates that the cultural, technological and economic changes which occurred during the Early Holocene were influenced by the same or similar factors as the entire area of the Balkan Peninsula. The absence of Mesolithic settlements outside the Iron Gates raises the question of whether the interior parts of the Central Balkans were inhabited during the Early Holocene. As hinted by the research in the Iron Gates and the Adriatic hinterland, Mesolithic settlements were probably located outside the denser forested areas (in the littoral and high-altitude zones) but this remains to be confirmed. Based on the assessment of the demographic potential of Mesolithic and Neolithic communities, four scenarios of Neolithisation of different parts of the Balkan Peninsula have been proposed.</p> 2021-06-01T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Dušan Mihailović Including Explicit Priors on Phase Duration in Bayesian 14C Dating 2021-06-02T10:47:34+02:00 Igor Yanovich <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Bayesian modelling of radiocarbon dates directly integrates information obtained through archaeological analysis. Here, I explain how to add known information/reasonable assumptions about the length of a deposition phase, using the example of date sequences from two Early Neolithic communities in the Aegean whose dating has been hotly debated, <em>i.e.</em> basal Knossos (Crete) and Nea Nikomedeia (Northern Greece). The consequences of the re-evaluation of their dates are discussed for the broader picture of the Neolithisation in the Aegean and for the chronology of the regional use of stamps.</p> </div> </div> </div> 2021-06-01T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Igor Yanovich Bone Tools at the Late Pre-Hispanic Site Boyo Paso 2 (Sierras of Córdoba, Argentina) 2021-06-02T10:47:48+02:00 Matías Medina Sebastián Pastor <p>The aim of the article is to assess the role played by bone tools at Boyo Paso 2 (Sierras of Córdoba, Argentina), an open-air site interpreted as a basecamp seasonally occupied by mobile mixed foraging and farming people c. 900–700 years BP. The results suggest that diverse activities were carried out on-site, including hunting or warfare, tool production, food processing and rituals. Bone tool analysis may enable reconstruction of the technological level, social organization, and cultural attitude towards the environment among people neither wholly foragers nor wholly farmers, a category for which archaeology currently lacks sufficient archaeological understanding and that merits further research.</p> 2021-06-01T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Matías Medina, Sebastián Pastor Chronological Modelling of the Chalcolithic Settlement Layers at Tell Yunatsite, Southern Bulgaria 2021-06-02T10:47:51+02:00 Yavor Boyadzhiev Kamen Boyadzhiev Lennart Brandtstätter Raiko Krauß <p>This article publishes a new series of radiocarbon dates from Tell Yunatsite, Southern Bulgaria. Context-based excavations undertaken over a large surface area, as well as a small test trench, provided a long stratigraphic sequence (11 ‘building levels’) covering a large part of the Chalcolithic period in Thrace (5th millennium BCE). Bayesian statistics and Gaussian Monte Carlo Wiggle Matching were employed to achieve a fine chronology for the multilayered tell. Implications and problems on the application of the calibration curve for the Late and Final Chalcolithic in Bulgaria are also discussed.</p> 2021-06-01T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Yavor Boyadzhiev, Kamen Boyadzhiev, Lennart Brandtstätter, Raiko Krauß The Freston Causewayed Enclosure 2021-06-02T10:47:59+02:00 Tristan Carter Nathaniel Jackson Rose Moir Dana Challinor Charlotte Diffey <p>Current models view southeast England as where Neolithic lifeways were first introduced to Britain from continental Europe c. 4000 cal BC, however, there has been little work detailing this process in coastal East Anglia. In 2019, work at the Freston causewayed enclosure provided the first view of a major gathering space associated with semi-mobile farming communities of the Early Neolithic in the county of Suffolk and located on a major estuary close to the North Sea. Excavation produced a rich assemblage of worked flint and Mildenhall Ware pottery (potentially for feasting), plus evidence for the consumption of cereals and hazelnuts.</p> 2021-05-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Tristan Carter, Nathaniel Jackson, Rose Moir, Dana Challinor, Charlotte Diffey Knap & Keep 2021-06-02T10:47:37+02:00 Andrey V. Tabarev Darya A. Ivanova Yoshitaka Kanomata <p>The tradition of lithic caches illustrates a special strategy of storing lithics which were extracted from <em>chaîne opératoire</em> for some time to be kept/hidden in a special place with/without subsequent return and use. For the Palaeolithic – Neolithic/Jōmon of the Far East (Russian part and the Japanese Archipelago) within the frame of 35 000–2400 cal BP, this tradition demonstrates an impressive multiplicity (more than 400 cases), high diversity, duration, dynamics, and local variability. Such an abundant source of data opens rich perspectives for detailed technological analysis, functional interpretations, and interregional correlations, with analogies in the Stone Age cultures of the Near East, Europe, and North America.</p> 2021-06-01T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Andrey V. Tabarev, Darya A. Ivanova, Yoshitaka Kanomata Early Neolithic Ritual Funerary Behaviours in the Westernmost Regions of the Mediterranean 2021-06-02T10:47:54+02:00 Daniel García Rivero Ruth Taylor Cláudia Umbelino Miriam Cubas María Barrera Cruz Manuel J. Díaz Rodríguez <p>An intact archaeological context named Locus 1 has recently been discovered at Dehesilla Cave (southern Spain). The ritual funerary deposition consists of a complete pottery jar with part of a human calvarium over the mouth, and was occulted by large stone blocks. This paper offers a presentation of the new data provided mainly by the stratigraphic, osteological, pottery, lithic and radiocarbon analyses. A systematic review of the relevant evidence in the Iberian Peninsula during the Early Neolithic (c. 5600–4800 cal BC) provides a context for this finding and supports its interpretation with reference to several possible anthropological scenarios.</p> 2021-06-01T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Daniel García Rivero, Ruth Taylor, Cláudia Umbelino, Miriam Cubas, María Barrera Cruz, Manuel J. Díaz Rodríguez Insights into the Funerary Practices in the Dolmen of Cabecinha (Figueira da Foz, Portugal) 2021-06-02T10:47:40+02:00 Ana Maria Silva <p>The dolmen of Cabecinha in the region of <em>Figueira da Foz</em> (Coimbra, Portugal) was excavated at the end of the 19th century by António dos Santos Rocha. This tomb belongs to a Megalithic necropolis of c. 21 dolmens in Western-Central Portugal and was explored and published between 1880 and 1909. The aim of this contribution is to present the human bone collection of the <em>Megalitho da Cabecinha</em>, cross-referencing this data with the original available documentation from the excavation and the chronology obtained from direct radiocarbon dating of a human bone fragment. This approach is adopted to get insights into the funerary practices, and the biological and pathological profiles of the individuals deposited in the dolmen. The most relevant information obtained pertains to the mortuary behaviour, where a unique funerary practice for this Megalithic necropolis was identified. In each corner of the irregular polygonal chamber, an adult individual was deposited in crouching or squatting position in sandy sediment and surrounded by small flat limestone slabs. All but one individual was associated with votive items.</p> 2021-06-01T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ana Maria Silva Enclosures of Death in the Early Iron Age 2021-06-02T10:47:45+02:00 Linda Melo Ana Maria Silva <p>This article focuses on the study of the Early Iron Age necropolis of Esfola, taking into account the burial rituals of the site (the architecture, the funerary objects and the human skeletal analyses are dealt with in the context of ‘burial ritual’ studies). This research will contribute to the body of knowledge on Early Iron Age necropolises with enclosures, typical of the Beja and Ourique regions in southern Portugal, i.e. Vinha das Caliças 4, Monte do Bolor 1–2, Cinco Réis 8, Carlota and Palhais. All these sites identified in the southern Iberian Peninsula allow us to characterize the funerary rituals practised in this region during the Early Iron Age.</p> 2021-06-01T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c)