New interdisciplinary research on Neolithic-Eneolithic sites in the Low Volga River region

  • Marianna A. Kulkova Herzen State University, Sankt Peterburg, Russian Federation
  • Alexandr A. Vybornov Samara State University of Social Sciences and Education, Russian Federation
  • Aleksandr Yudin Research and Production Center on the Historical and Cultural Heritage of the Saratov Region, Saratov, Russian Federation
  • Nataliya Doga Samara State University of Social Sciences and Education, Russian Federation
  • Aleksandr Popov Samara State University of Social Sciences and Education, Russian Federation
Keywords: Neolithic, domestication, Eneolithic, Low Volga River region, geochemical indication, Holocene climate, steppe

Abstract

The Neolithic and Eneolithic sites in the Low Volga River region have been poorly investigated in comparison with other territories due to a small number of excavated sites. On the Algay site and the Oroshaemoe I settlement there is evidence of the earliest appearance of Neolithic pottery and the first sign of domestication in the Eneolithic period within the Volgo-Ural territory. Archaeological, lithological, grain-size analyses, mineralogical-geochemical methods and radiocarbon dating of cultural deposits have been applied to reconstruct the palaeoenvironment in the Holocene in this area. The results show that the landscape-climatic conditions in the steppe area of the Lower Volga basin strongly affected the development and adaptation of ancient societies.

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Published
2019-12-09
How to Cite
KulkovaM. A., VybornovA. A., YudinA., DogaN., & PopovA. (2019). New interdisciplinary research on Neolithic-Eneolithic sites in the Low Volga River region. Documenta Praehistorica, 46, 376-387. https://doi.org/10.4312/dp.46.23
Section
Articles