Chronology and development of the Chalcolithic necropolis of Varna I

  • Raiko Krauß Institure for Early and Prehistory and Medieval Archaeology, Tübingen University
  • Clemens Schmid Institute for Proto- and Prehistory, Kiel University
  • David Kirschenheuter Institure for Early and Prehistory and Medieval Archaeology, Tübingen University
  • Jonas Abele Institure for Early and Prehistory and Medieval Archaeology, Tübingen University
  • Vladimir Slavchev Regional Historical Museum Varna
  • Bernhard Weninger Institute for Early and Prehistory, Köln University
Keywords: Varna cemetery, radiocarbon dating, correspondence analysis, social network analysis, Chalcolithic

Abstract

In the following paper, we present the main results of our now completed studies of the Varna I cemetery, based on the excavations undertaken by Ivan Ivanov in the years 1972–1991. The richness of the assemblages is singular in Old World prehistory. To tackle the question of its inter­nal, chronological development, we applied correspondence analysis (CA) to a newly created database that includes the inventories of all presently known graves, symbolic burials and find de­posits. The rank order of the seriated inventories was used to establish a CA-based 14C-age model for wiggle matching. In combination with topographic observations and social network analysis (SNA), our studies provide a new understanding both of the chronological and spatial distribution of the graves and burial goods, as well as new insights into the social structure, gender roles, individual relation­ships and ritual practices of the Chalcolithic community.

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Published
2018-01-04
How to Cite
Krauß, R., Schmid, C., Kirschenheuter, D., Abele, J., Slavchev, V., & Weninger, B. (2018). Chronology and development of the Chalcolithic necropolis of Varna I. Documenta Praehistorica, 44, 282-305. https://doi.org/10.4312/dp.44.17
Section
Articles