The Cretan Mesolithic in context: new data from Livari Skiadi (SE Crete)

  • Tristan Carter McMaster University
  • Danica D. Mihailović University of Belgrade, Department of Archaeology
  • Yiannis Papadatos National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Department of History and Archaeology
  • Chrysa Sofianou Hellenic Ministry of Culture and Sports, Ephorate of Antiquities of Lasithi
Keywords: Greece, Aegean Islands, Mesolithic, Neolithisation, lithics, Knossos


Investigations at Livari (south-eastern Crete) produced a small Mesolithic chipped stone assemblage, whose techno-typological characteristics situate it within an ‘early Holocene Aegean island lithic tradition’ (9000–7000 cal BC). The material provides antecedent characteristics for the lithics of Crete’s founder Neolithic population at Knossos (c. 7000–6500/6400 cal BC). The idiosyncrasies of the Knossian material can be viewed as a hybrid lithic tradition that emerged from interaction between migrant Anatolian farmers and indigenous hunter-gatherers. Small quantities of Melian obsidian at Livari attest to early Holocene maritime insular networks, knowledge of which likely enabled the first farmers’ successful voyage to Crete.


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Author Biography

Tristan Carter, McMaster University
Associate Professor
Supporting Agencies
Tristan Carter, McMaster University, Danica D. Mihailović, Belgrade University, Yiannis Papadatos, Athens University, Chrysa Sofianou, 24th Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities
How to Cite
CarterT., MihailovićD. D., PapadatosY., & SofianouC. (2016). The Cretan Mesolithic in context: new data from Livari Skiadi (SE Crete). Documenta Praehistorica, 43, 87-102.