Transition to farming – transition to milk culture: a case study from Mala Triglavca, Slovenia

  • Mihael Budja Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Arts, University of Ljubljana
  • Nives Ogrinc Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Arts, University of Ljubljana
  • Andreja Žibrat Gašparič Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Arts, University of Ljubljana
  • Doris Potočnik Department of Environmental Sciences, Jožef Štefan Institute, Ljubljana
  • Dušan Žigon Department of Environmental Sciences, Jožef Štefan Institute, Ljubljana
  • Dimitrij Mlekuž Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Arts, University of Ljubljana
Keywords: European Neolithic, demic diffusion, transition to farming, dairying, lactase persistence, lipids, Vlaška culture

Abstract

In this paper, we discuss the transition to milk culture. While archaeological and biochemical data suggest that dairying was adopted in the Neolithic in Europe, archaeogenetic data show the absence of the allelic variant –13 910*T and very low lactase persistence in Neolithic populations in Europe. The Mala Triglavca case study shows that the Early Neolithic economy in the Caput Ad- riae region was mixed. It consisted of milk and processed milk, meat animal products, freshwater fish and various plants. The Vlaška group herders managed a broader spectrum of resources than exclusively ovicaprids, and were able to produce a wide range of low-lactose, storable products by fermenting milk.

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Published
2013-12-08
How to Cite
Budja, M., Ogrinc, N., Žibrat Gašparič, A., Potočnik, D., Žigon, D., & Mlekuž, D. (2013). Transition to farming – transition to milk culture: a case study from Mala Triglavca, Slovenia. Documenta Praehistorica, 40, 97-117. https://doi.org/10.4312/dp.40.9
Section
Articles