Pietrele in the Lower Danube region: integrating archaeological, faunal and environmental investigations

  • Norbert Benecke Scientific Department of the Head Office, German Archaeological Institute, Berlin
  • Svend Hansen Eurasia Department, German Archaeological Institute, Berlin
  • Dirk Nowacki Institute for Physical Geography, University J. W. Goethe, Frankfurt
  • Agathe Reingruber Eurasia Department, German Archaeological Institute, Berlin
  • Kenneth Ritchie Center for Baltic and Scandinavian Archaeology, Schleswig
  • Jürgen Wunderlich
Keywords: Copper Age, Gumelnita-culture, Pietrele, geomorphology, palaeolake, fauna, hunting, fishing, symbols on pottery

Abstract

The c. 9m high tell-settlement of Pietrele-Magura Gorgana, situated close to the Danube river, is one of the westernmost sites of the Kod∫adermen-Gumelnita-Karanovo VI cultural complex that spread over the whole Westpontic region during the 5th millennium BC. Until recently tells were equated with the site when, in fact, they represent only the outstanding part of a far more complex settlement system as we now know from Pietrele thanks to geomagnetic prospections and subsequent excavations. People living on the tell, together with the inhabitants from the flat area around it, formed a vast community that must have had a strong impact on its habitat and, vice-versa, was strongly affected by the immediate surroundings. During the settlement period a lake covered huge parts of the floodplain. It provided not only a considerable part of the diet, but ensured, through the direct access to the main river, continuous and extensive over-regional exchange.

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Published
2013-12-08
How to Cite
Benecke, N., Hansen, S., Nowacki, D., Reingruber, A., Ritchie, K., & Wunderlich, J. (2013). Pietrele in the Lower Danube region: integrating archaeological, faunal and environmental investigations. Documenta Praehistorica, 40, 175-193. https://doi.org/10.4312/dp.40.14
Section
Articles