Early herding practices revealed through organic residue analysis of pottery from the early Neolithic rock shelter of Mala Triglavca, Slovenia

  • Lucija Šoberl Organic Geochemistry Unit, School of Chemistry, University of Bristol, Bristol
  • Andreja Žibrat Gašparič Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Arts, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana
  • Mihael Budja Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Arts, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana
  • Richard P. Evershed Organic Geochemistry Unit, School of Chemistry, University of Bristol, Bristol
Keywords: Neolithic, Adriatic, organic residues, fatty acyl lipids, δ13C values

Abstract

A collection of pottery from the early Neolithic site of Mala Triglavca was analysed with the aim of obtaining insights into vessel use and early animal domestication and husbandry practices in the Adriatic region. Total lipid extracts were submitted to gas chromatography (GC), GC-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and GC-combustion-isotope ratio MS (GC-C-IRMS) in order to obtain molecular and stable carbon isotope signatures as the basis for determining the nature and origins of the residues. The extracts were dominated by degraded animal fats. The majority (70%) of the total lipid extracts displayed intact triacylglycerol distributions attributable to ruminant adipose and dairy fats, which were subsequently confirmed through C16:0 and C18:0 fatty acid δ13C values.

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Published
2008-12-31
How to Cite
Šoberl, L., Žibrat Gašparič, A., Budja, M., & Evershed, R. P. (2008). Early herding practices revealed through organic residue analysis of pottery from the early Neolithic rock shelter of Mala Triglavca, Slovenia. Documenta Praehistorica, 35, 253-260. https://doi.org/10.4312/dp.35.19
Section
Articles