Funerary rites in a Neolithic nomad community in Southeastern Arabia: the case of al-Buhais 18

  • Roland de Beauclair Institut für Ur- und Frühgeschichte und Archäologie des Mittelalters, Universität Tübingen
Keywords: Neolithic, Arabia, burials, personal ornaments, mortuary practices

Abstract

Al-Buhais 18 is a Neolithic site in the United Arab Emirates. It consists of a graveyard with more than 420 individuals, an ancient spring, and a campsite. It is interpreted as a central place for a group of mobile herders in the 5th millennium BC. More than 24 000 ornamental objects have been found, many of them in a secure funerary context, making it possible to reconstruct ornamental ensembles, and shedding light on specific rules concerning the way jewellery was worn by different sub-groups of the population. Based on these observations, some hypotheses are developed on the intentions and beliefs structuring mortuary practices and the role of jewellery within these rites. Finally, questions of continuity and change in mortuary practices can be addressed by comparing al-Buhais 18 with other, younger, sites in the region.

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Published
2008-12-31
How to Cite
de Beauclair, R. (2008). Funerary rites in a Neolithic nomad community in Southeastern Arabia: the case of al-Buhais 18. Documenta Praehistorica, 35, 143-152. https://doi.org/10.4312/dp.35.10
Section
Articles