A Pan-European model of the Neolithic

  • Kate Davison School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU
  • Pavel M. Dolukhanov School of Historical Studies, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU
  • Graeme R. Sarson School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU
  • Anvar Shukurov School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU
Keywords: Neolithic, population dynamics, radiocarbon dates, archaeology, mathematical modelling

Abstract

We present a mathematical model, based on a compilation of radiocarbon dates, of the transition to the Neolithic, from about 7000 to 4000 BC in Europe. With the arrival of the Neolithic, hunting and food gathering gave way to agriculture and stock breeding in many parts of Europe; pottery-making spread into even broader areas. We use a population dynamics model to suggest the presence of two waves of advance, one from the Near East, and another through Eastern Europe. Thus, we provide a quantitative framework in which a unified interpretation of the Western and Eastern Neolithic can be developed.

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Published
2007-12-31
How to Cite
Davison, K., Dolukhanov, P. M., Sarson, G. R., & Shukurov, A. (2007). A Pan-European model of the Neolithic. Documenta Praehistorica, 34, 139-154. https://doi.org/10.4312/dp.34.11
Section
Articles