Eastern, Central and Western Hungary – variations of Neolithisation models

  • Eszter Bánffy Archaeological Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences
Keywords: Carpathian Basin, Neolithic transition, Körös, Starčevo, early and developed LBK groups

Abstract

Until recent times, the Carpathian Basin was regarded as a uniform zone of neolithization. In the last few years it has become clear that at least three different types of transitions can be distinguished in the Eastern Plain (Alföld) region: one in the Jászság area with authentic Mesolithic sites, one in the northern, one in the northeastern fringes of the Körös distribution area, and a further one in the southern part of the Danube–Tisza Interfluve where the impact of the formative Vinča culture must also be reckoned with. All regions differ from each other, concerning the contacts with Mesolithic population and the phases of neolithisation. Regarding Transdanubia, the picture becomes even more complex. The transition to the Neolithic obviously differed in each region: in the Drava valley where the Starčevo presence was very intensive, in the marshland around Lake Balaton, in the Rába valley lying close to the Alpine foreland, in the northern Transdanubian Danube valley and in the Little Hungarian Plain. Rejecting the simplifying model the assumption of a mosaic-like series of variations in the neolithisation process is offered. The process of Neolithisation is thus is far from being unified in the various regions. This short study tries to seek different models of neolithisation behind the differences.

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Published
2006-12-31
How to Cite
Bánffy, E. (2006). Eastern, Central and Western Hungary – variations of Neolithisation models. Documenta Praehistorica, 33, 125-142. https://doi.org/10.4312/dp.33.13
Section
Articles