Cueva de El Toro (Antequera, Malaga-Spain): a Neolithic stockbreeding community in the Andalusian region, between the 6th and 3th millennia BC

  • María Dolores Cámalich Dpt. Prehistoria, Antropología e Historia Antigua. University of La Laguna
  • R. Buxó Museo Nacional de Arqueología de Cataluña
  • E. Chávez Dpt. Prehistoria, Antropología e Historia Antigua. University of La Laguna
  • J. C. Echallier Centre du CNRS de Sophia Antipolis. Valbonne. France
  • Pedro Gonzáles Dpt. Ciencias Históricas. University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
  • Antonio Goñi Dpt. Prehistoria, Antropología e Historia Antigua. University of La Laguna
  • M. Mañosa Laboratorio Arqueotecnia. Barcelona
  • T. Orozco Dpt. Prehistòria i Arqueología. University of Valencia
  • M. A. Paz Dpt. Prehistòria i Arqueología. University of Valencia
  • M. O. Rodríguez Dpt. Territorio y Patrimonio Histórico. University of Jaén
  • A. Rodríguez Dpt. Ciencias Históricas. Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
  • M. Tusell Dpt. Prehistòria i Arqueología. University of Valencia
  • J. P. N. Watson Dpt. Prehistòria i Arqueología. University of Valencia
Keywords: beginnings of production, recent Andalusian prehistory, palaeo-economy, exploitation strategies

Abstract

The occupation evidence shown by the cave El Toro, is that of a unique stockbreeding community in the Andalusian region. The calibrated dates for this occupation period go from the second quarter of the sixth millennium up to the second millennium BP. There is also evidence of occasional occupation throughout later millennia up to the Hispano-Muslim period. The nature of thisoccupation is determined by the close link between the cave and the community which occupied it, both continuously and periodically. Throughout the occupation levels, the community's skillful control of technical processesand its remarkable knowledge on how to transform local primary resources, have shown that this community reached a high level of technological development. However, its main economic activity was related to agricultural and farming exploitation, particularly to stockbreeding.

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Published
2004-12-31
How to Cite
Cámalich, M. D., Buxó, R., Chávez, E., Echallier, J. C., Gonzáles, P., Goñi, A., Mañosa, M., Orozco, T., Paz, M. A., Rodríguez, M. O., Rodríguez, A., Tusell, M., & Watson, J. P. N. (2004). Cueva de El Toro (Antequera, Malaga-Spain): a Neolithic stockbreeding community in the Andalusian region, between the 6th and 3th millennia BC. Documenta Praehistorica, 31, 163-181. https://doi.org/10.4312/dp.31.12
Section
Articles