Climate change and population dynamics during the late Mesolithic and the Neolithic transition in Iberia

  • Javier Fernández López de Pablo Department of Anthropology, University of California, Santa Barbara
  • Magdalena Gómez Puche Departamento de Prehistoria y Arqueología, Universidad de Valencia
Keywords: climate change, 8200 calBP event, Mesolithic-Neolithic transition, migration

Abstract

This paper explores how Early Holocene climate changes in the Western Mediterranean would have affected Late Mesolithic settlement distribution and subsistence strategies in Iberian Peninsula, thereby giving rise to various adaptive scenarios. The current radiocarbon data set concerning the Neolithisation process has revealed the rapidity of the spread of farming in Iberia. Considering both the implications of the last hunter-gatherers’ adaptation strategies and the population dynamics of agro-pastoral communities, we address the migration patterns underlying the Mesolithic- Neolithic transition. In conclusion, we propose that the initial colonization process was the result of two successive and spatially heterogeneous migrations: Maritime Pioneer Colonization and targeted migration to places favorable to the new economic system.

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Published
2009-12-31
How to Cite
López de PabloJ. F., & Gómez PucheM. (2009). Climate change and population dynamics during the late Mesolithic and the Neolithic transition in Iberia. Documenta Praehistorica, 36, 67-96. https://doi.org/10.4312/dp.36.4
Section
Articles