Preobrazba družinskih podjetniških dejavnosti na podeželskih območjih

Vidik človeškega kapitala

Avtorji

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4312/dela.55.87-106

Ključne besede:

človeški kapital, podeželska območja, Kavkaz, družinske gospodarske dejavnosti, diverzifikacija

Povzetek

Premik osredotočenosti politike s kmetijstva na razvoj podeželja omogoča podeželskim družinam diverzifikacijo gospodarskih dejavnosti. Viri gospodinjstev, zlasti človeški kapital, so bistveni za izkoriščanje na novo razvitih priložnosti. Lokalni prebivalci z zadostnimi sredstvi izkoriščajo možnosti v kmetijstvu in nastajajočih gospodarskih sektorjih, kot je turizem. Študija primera (33 poglobljenih intervjujev) kavkaških gorskih gospodinjstev v občinah Kazbegi in Mestia je razkrila pomen človeškega kapitala pri pridobivanju drugih vrst virov, kot sta socialni in finančni kapital, in v procesu na družini temelječega gospodarskega razvoja. Lokalne družine se spodbuja, da se vključijo in sprejmejo sodobne kmetijske prakse, da bi določili najučinkovitejše načine trajnostnega preživetja. Poleg že dolgo uveljavljenih dejavnosti gospodinjstva uporabljajo tradicionalno znanje za vstop v podjetniške turistične dejavnosti.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

Literatura

Alsos, G.A., Ljunggren, E., Pettersen, L.T., 2003. Farm-based entrepreneurs: What triggers the start-up of new business activities? Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 10, 4, pp. 435–443. DOI: 10.1108/14626000310504747.

Andersson, K., Eklund, E., Lehtola, M., 2009. Farmers, businessmen or green entrepreneurs? Producers of new rural goods and services in rural areas under urban pressure. Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning, 11, 1, pp. 29–43. DOI: 10.1080/15239080902774960.

Anosike, P., 2019. Entrepreneurship education as human capital: Implications for youth self-employment and conflict mitigation in Sub-Saharan Africa. Industry and Higher Education, 33, 1, pp. 42–54. DOI: 10.1177/0950422218812631.

Bantsuri, N., Tsertsvadze, N., 2020. Agricultural Farm: Opportunities and Challenges.

Bhandari, P. B., 2013. Rural livelihood change? Household capital, community resources and livelihood transition. Journal of Rural Studies, 32, pp. 126–136. DOI: 10.1016/j.jrurstud.2013.05.001.

Bourdieu, P., 1972. Outline of a theory of practice. Cambridge University Press.

Chambers, R., Conway, G. R., 1991. Sustainable rural livelihoods: Practical concepts for the 21st century. Ids Discussion Paper, 296, Brighton: Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex. DOI: ISBN 0 903715 58 9.

Chang, Y.K., Voils, C.I., Sandelowski, M., Hasselblad, V., Crandell, J.L., 2009. Transforming verbal counts in reports of qualitative descriptive studies into numbers. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 31, 7, pp. 837–852. DOI: 10.1177/0193945909334434.

Coleman, J.S., 1988. Social Capital in the Creation of Human Capital. American Journal of Sociology, 94, pp. 95–S120. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1086/228943.

Driscoll, D.L., Salib, P., Rupert, D.J., 2007. Merging qualitative and quantitative data in mixed methods research : how to and why not. Ecological and Environmental Anthropology, 3, 1, pp.. 18–28.

Eliasson, K, Westlund, H, 2013. Attributes influencing self-employment propensity in urban and rural Sweden. The Annals of Regional Science, 50, pp. 479–514. DOI: 10.1007/s00168-012-0501-9.

Flora, C. B., Flora, J. L., Gasteyer, S. P., 2015. Rural communities: Legacy + change, 5th ed. New York: Routledge.

Geostat, 2020. Indicators of economic activity of the population (employment and unemployment).

Gornik, B., Potočnik Slavič, I., 2019. (Non-)Engagement of Slovenian herbal enterprises in the Balkan herb market: Herbs as a template for locally oriented business models in rural areas. Geografski pregled, 41.

Green, G. P., Zinda, J. A., 2013. Rural development theory. In: Green, G.P. (ed.). Handbook of rural development. Cheltenham, Northampton: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, pp. 3–20.

Gugushvili, T., Salukvadze, G., Salukvadze, J., 2019. Has traditional Georgian hospitality been sustained under tourism development? Evidence from the high-mountain regions of Georgia. Mountain Research and Development, 39, 4, pp. R20–R26. DOI: 10.1659/MRD-JOURNAL-D-19-00011.1.

Hakkert, R., 2017. Population dynamics in Georgia: An overview based on the 2014 general population census data. Tbilisi.

Hodge, I., Midmore, P., 2008. Models of rural development and approaches to analysis evaluation and decision-making. Économie rurale, 307, pp. 23–38. DOI: 10.4000/economierurale.406.

ISSA, 2017. Youth involvement in the development of agriculture and agricultural activities living in Georgia.

Khai, T. T., Danh, N. N., 2014. Determinants of income diversification and its effect on household income in rural Vietnam. Journal of Economics and Development, 221, pp. 20–41.

Mayring, P., 2014. Qualitative content analysis. Theoretical foundation, basic procedures and software solution. Klagenfurt, Austria.

Mayring, P., 2000. Qualitative content analysis. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 1, 2.

McElwee, G., Bosworth, G., 2010. Exploring the strategic skills of farmers across a typology of farm diversification approaches. Journal of Farm Management, 13, 12, pp. 819–838.

Meccheri, N., Pelloni, G., 2006. Rural entrepreneurs and institutional assistance: An empirical study from mountainous Italy. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 18, 5, pp. 371–392. DOI: 10.1080/08985620600842113.

Miles, M. B., Huberman, M., Saldaña, J., 2019. Qualitative data analysis : a methods sourcebook, 4th ed. SAGE Publications, Inc.

Munjal, P. G., 2019. Enhancing heritage tourism in small and medium towns by leveraging their cultural heritage, traditional knowledge and skills. Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes, 11, 1, pp. 87–98. DOI: 10.1108/WHATT-11-2018-0067.

National statistics office of Georgia, 2020a. Households income – national statistics office of Georgia. URL: https://www.geostat.ge/en/modules/categories/50/households-income (accessed 18.11.2021).

National statistics office of Georgia, 2020b. Employment and unemployment – national statistics office of Georgia. URL: https://www.geostat.ge/en/modules/categories/683/Employment-Unemployment (accessed 18.11.2021).

North, D., Smallbone, D., 2006. Developing entrepreneurship and enterprise in Europe’s peripheral rural areas: Some issues facing policy-makers. European Planning Studies, 14, 1, pp. 41–60. DOI: 10.1080/09654310500339125.

Pato, L., 2020. Entrepreneurship and innovation towards rural development evidence from a peripheral area in Portugal. European Countryside, 12, 2, pp. 209–220. DOI: 10.2478/euco-2020-0012.

Pato, L., 2015. Rural entrepreneurship and innovation: some successful women’s initiatives. In: 55th Congress of the European Regional Science Association: “World Renaissance: Changing roles for people and places.” Lisbon, Portugal.

Patton, M.Q., 2015. Qualitative research and evaluation methods : integrating theory and practice, 4th ed. Los Angeles etc.: Sage.

Robinson, K.L., Dassie, W., Christy, R. D., 2004. Entrepreneurship and small business development as a rural development strategy. Journal of Rural Social Sciences, 20, 2, pp. 1–23.

Sakdapolrak, P., 2014. Livelihoods as social practices – re-energising livelihoods research with Bourdieu’s theory of practice. Geographica Helvetica, 69, 1, pp. 19–28. DOI: 10.5194/gh-69-19-2014.

Salifu, G. A. N., 2019. The political economy dynamics of rural household income diversification: A review of the international literature. Research in World Economy, 10, 3, pp. 273–290. DOI: 10.5430/RWE.V10N3P273.

Salukvadze, G., Backhaus, N., 2020. Is tourism the beginning or the end? Livelihoods of Georgian mountain people at stake. Mountain Research and Development, 40, 1, pp. R28–R36. DOI: 10.1659/MRD-JOURNAL-D-19-00078.1.

Sánchez, J. C., 2013. The impact of an entrepreneurship education program on entrepreneurial competencies and intention. Journal of Small Business Management, 51, 3, pp. 447–465. DOI: 10.1111/jsbm.12025.

Scoones, I., 1998. Sustainable rural livelihoods: A framework for analysis (No. IDS Working Paper 72).

Siemens, L., 2013. A conceptual framework for understanding “rural” positioning. Journal of Enterprising Culture, 21, 01, pp. 45–74. DOI: 10.1142/s0218495813500039.

Skuras, D., Meccheri, N., Moreira, M.B., Rosell, J., Stathopoulou, S., 2005. Entrepreneurial human capital accumulation and the growth of rural businesses: A four-country survey in mountainous and lagging areas of the European union. Journal of Rural Studies, 21, 1, pp. 67–79. DOI: 10.1016/j.jrurstud.2004.05.001.

Sohns, F., Revilla Diez, J., 2017. Self-employment and its influence on the vulnerability to poverty of households in rural Vietnam—A panel data analysis. Geographical Review, 107, 2, pp. 336–359. DOI: 10.1111/j.1931-0846.2016.12206.x.

Stockdale, A., 2006. Migration: Pre-requisite for rural economic regeneration? Journal of Rural Studies, 22, 3, pp. 354–366. DOI: 10.1016/j.jrurstud.2005.11.001.

Sutherland, L. A., Burton, R. J. F., 2011. Good farmers, good neighbours? The role of cultural capital in social capital development in a Scottish farming community. Sociologia Ruralis, 51, 3, pp. 238–255. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9523.2011.00536.x.

Svendsen, G.L.H., Sørensen, J.F.L., 2007. There’s more to the picture than meets the eye: Measuring tangible and intangible capital in two marginal communities in rural Denmark. Journal of Rural Studies, 23, 4, pp. 453–471. DOI: 10.1016/J.JRURSTUD.2007.01.008.

Tashakkori, A., Teddlie, C., 1998. Mixed methodology: Combining qualitative and quantitative approaches. Sage Publications, Inc.

Tuijl, R. Van, 2016. The effect of human capital on self employment and the difference between opportunity and necessity self-employment: A study focusing on Western Europe. Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Wang, W., Li, Q., Lien, D., 2016. Human capital, political capital, and off-farm occupational choices in rural China. International Review of Economics and Finance, 42, pp. 412–422. DOI: 10.1016/j.iref.2015.10.012.

Wickham, H., 2016. ggplot2: Elegant graphics for data analysis, 2nd ed. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Wortman, M.S., 1990. Rural entrepreneurship research: An integration into the entrepreneurship field. Agribusiness, 6, 4, pp. 329–344. DOI: 10.1002/1520-6297(199007)6:4<329::AID-AGR2720060405>3.0.CO;2-N.

Xue, L., Kerstetter, D., 2018. Rural tourism and livelihood change: an emic perspective. Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research, 20, 10, pp. 1–22. DOI: 10.1177/1096348018807289.

Objavljeno

27.12.2021

Kako citirati

Gugushvili, T., Roep, D., & Durglishvili, N. (2021). Preobrazba družinskih podjetniških dejavnosti na podeželskih območjih: Vidik človeškega kapitala. Dela, (55), 87–106. https://doi.org/10.4312/dela.55.87-106

Številka

Rubrike

Razprave