Dvojezičnost in jezikovno izobraževanje za izboljšanje kognitivnega zdravja starejših ljudi

Avtorji

  • Cécil J. W. Meulenberg Znanstveno-raziskovalno središče Koper, Inštitut za kineziološke raziskave

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4312/as/9577

Ključne besede:

izvršilne funkcije, dvojezičnost, jezikovno izobraževanje, možganska kap, starejši ljudje

Povzetek

V članku raziskujemo, ali lahko vseživljenjsko dvojezičnost povezujemo z zamikom starostnega pešanja kognitivnih sposobnosti in kognitivno rezervo kot mehanizmom, ki pozitivno vpliva na možganske zmogljivosti pri starejših ljudeh. Pregled novejših psiho- in nevrolingvističnih študij kaže, da pri starejših dvojezičnih osebah prihaja do večletnega zamika pojava simptomov demence v primerjavi z enojezičnimi osebami ter da obstajajo pozitivni učinki dvojezičnih možganskih mrež, prav tako povezani z drugimi nevrodegenerativnimi boleznimi. Na tem področju manjka metodologija, vendar pa lahko vseživljenjsko dvojezičnost povezujemo tudi s kognitivno rezervo. Na tej podlagi lahko postavimo hipotezo, da k zdravemu staranju lahko pripomore tudi aktivna raba več jezikov, na podlagi tega pa razpravljamo o jezikovni izobrazbi za starejše ljudi, vlogi univerz za tretje življenjsko obdobje, izvajanju kritičnih vidikov tovrstnih tečajev ter ustrezni oceni učinkovitosti znanja jezikov in kognicije.

Prenosi

Podatki o prenosih še niso na voljo.

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Objavljeno

10.05.2021 — posodobljeno 22.10.2021

Kako citirati

Meulenberg, C. J. W. (2021). Dvojezičnost in jezikovno izobraževanje za izboljšanje kognitivnega zdravja starejših ljudi. Andragoška Spoznanja, 27(2), 33–52. https://doi.org/10.4312/as/9577