“We princes are set on stages”: Performing Power in Elizabethan England
The aim of this article is to explore Elizabeth’s performative power as manifesting itself on the scaffold and on the stage, in royal portraits and processions. Drawing on Foucault and new historicism, it will discuss the Queen’s reliance on spectacle and ambiguity to enhance her authority and reach the population at large.
Andrewes, Lancelot. Works. Sermons. Vol. 1. Transcr. Marianne Dorman. 7/7/2020 http://anglicanhistory.org/lact/andrewes/v1/wednesday2.html
Bakhtin, Mikhail. Rabelais and His World. Trans. Hélène Iswolsky. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1984 (11965).
Cole, Mary Hill. The Portable Queen: Elizabeth I and the Politics of Ceremony. Amherst: U of Massachusetts P, 1999.
Dollimore, Jonathan and Alan Sinfield. “History and Ideology: The instance of Henry V.” Alternative Shakespeares. Ed. John Drakakis. London and New York: Routledge, 22002. 209-230.
Fischlin, Daniel. “Political Allegory, Absolutist Ideology, and the ‘Rainbow Portrait’ of Queen Elizabeth I.” Renaissance Quarterly 50.1 (1997): 175-206.
Foucault, Michel. Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison. Trans. Alan Sheridan. London: Penguin, 1977.
Goldberg, Jonathan. James I and the Politics of Literature: Jonson, Shakespeare, Donne, and Their Contemporaries. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins UP, 1983.
Greenblatt, Stephen. Renaissance Self-Fashioning: From More to Shakespeare. Chicago and London: U of Chicago P, 2005 (1980).
Greenblatt, Stephen. Shakespearean Negotiations: The Circulation of Social Energy in Renaissance England. Oxford: OUP, 1988.
Greenblatt, Stephen. Will in the World: How Shakespeare Became Shakespeare. New York: Norton, 2004.
Gurr, Andrew. Playgoing in Shakespeare’s London. Cambridge: CUP, 1996.
Hammer, Paul E.J. “Upstaging the Queen: the Earl of Essex, Francis Bacon and the Accession Day celebrations of 1595.” The Politics of the Stuart Court Masque. Eds. David Bevington and Peter Holbrook. Cambridge: CUP, 1998. 41-66.
Höfele, Andreas. “Bühne und Schafott.” Shakespeare Jahrbuch 135 (1999): 46-65.
Lake, Peter and Michael Questier. “Agency, Appropriation and Rhetoric under the Gallows: Puritans, Romanists and the State in Early Modern England.” Past and Present 153 (1996): 64-107.
Laqueur, Thomas W. “Crowds, Carnival and the State in English Executions, 1604-1868.” The First Modern Society. Essays in English History in Honour of Lawrence Stone. Eds. A.L. Beier, David Cannadine and James M. Rosenheim. Cambridge: CUP, 1989. 305-355.
Leahy, William. Elizabethan Triumphal Processions. Aldershot and Burlington: Ashgate, 2005.
Montrose, Louis. The Purpose of Playing: Shakespeare and the Cultural Politics of the Elizabethan Theatre. Chicago and London: U of Chicago P, 1996.
Montrose, Louis. “Shakespeare, the Stage, and the State.” SubStance 80 (1996): 46-67.
Mullaney, Steven. The Place of the Stage: License, Play, and Power in Renaissance England. Chicago and London: U of Chicago P, 1988.
Neill, Michael. “Broken English and Broken Irish: Nation, Language, and the Optic of Power in Shakespeare’s Histories.” Shakespeare Quarterly 45.1 (1994): 1-32.
Orgel, Stephen. The Jonsonian Masque. Cambridge/Mass.: Harvard UP, 1965.
Orgel, Stephen. The Illusion of Power: Political Theater in the English Renaissance. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: U of California P, 1975.
Orgel, Stephen. The Authentic Shakespeare and Other Problems of the Early Modern Stage. New York and London: Routledge, 2002.
Patterson, Annabel. “Back by Popular Demand: The Two Versions of Henry V.” Renaissance Drama 19 (1988): 29-62.
Shakespeare, William. King Henry V. 1599. Ed. Andrew Gurr. The New Cambridge Shakespeare. Updated Ed. Cambridge: CUP, 2005.
Sharpe, J.A. “‘Last Dying Speeches’: Religion, Ideology and Public Execution in Seventeenth-Century England.” Past and Present 107 (May 1985): 144-167.
Smith, Molly. “The Theater and the Scaffold: Death as Spectacle in The Spanish Tragedy.” Studies in English Literature, 1500-1900 32, 2 (1992): 217-232.
Strong, Roy. Portraits of Elizabeth I. Oxford: Clarendon P, 1963.
Strong, Roy. Art and Power: Renaissance Festivals 1450-1650. Berkeley and Los Angeles: U of California P, 21984 (1973).
Strong, Roy. Gloriana: The Portraits of Queen Elizabeth I. London: Thames and Hudson, 1987.
Tennenhouse, Leonard. Power on Display: The Politics of Shakespeare’s Genres. New York and London: Methuen, 1986.
Copyright (c) 2020 Elke Mettinger
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors are confirming that they are the authors of the submitting article, which will be published (print and online) in journal Acta Neophilologica by Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani (University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts, Aškerčeva 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia). Author’s name will be evident in the article in journal. All decisions regarding layout and distribution of the work are in hands of the publisher.
- Authors guarantee that the work is their own original creation and does not infringe any statutory or common-law copyright or any proprietary right of any third party. In case of claims by third parties, authors commit their self to defend the interests of the publisher, and shall cover any potential costs.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.