Hate Speech and French Mediaeval Literature

  • Miha Pintarič University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts
Keywords: hate speech, epics, troubadours, courtly romance, middle ages


Hate speech is spoken or written word which expresses a hostile attitude of a dominating majority towards any kind of minority. The author analyses a few examples of hate speech in literary history and concludes that such a phenomenon is typical of The Song of Roland, whether uttered in a direct way or spoken between the lines. One will expect hate speech in epic and heroic poetry, less in the Troubadour poetry. Yet we come across this awkward characteristic even in their love poetry. To be quite clear, in the poetry of Bernart de Ventadorn. The last part of the article is about the courtly romance. The author concludes that hate speech can only be controlled by love, not any, but the love that makes one a better person, and which the Troubadours called fin’amors.


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How to Cite
PintaričM. (2018). Hate Speech and French Mediaeval Literature. Acta Neophilologica, 51(1-2), 63-70. https://doi.org/10.4312/an.51.1-2.63-70