“TineB”, “Zgodovinar_666” and “assange” – How Identity-Revealing are Usernames

Urška Vranjek Ošlak, Mija Michelizza

Abstract


The research of usernames in comments of online articles and on Twitter showed that users who comment online news tend to cover their identity more often than Twitter users. We assume that the reason for this is that online news commentators mostly express their opinion, which may differ from the point of view of the online news portal. Due to anonymity, the opinion can be intensified or even radicalized. Therefore, commentators wish to at least partially conceal their identity. On the other hand, Twitter users frequently reveal their identity in their username, namely by using their real name and/or surname since the main purpose of using Twitter is for private communication and entertainment. On Twitter, it is also possible to find individuals who conceal their identity in order to express their opinion; however, they are less frequent. In usernames, users of both CMC types frequently replace their real name and/or surname with words that relate to their personal features (location, religion, characteristics, activity, horoscope and age) or express their interests (celebrities, nature, trademarks, interests, technology and mathematics, events, food). In this way, their identity is indeed obscure to some extent; however, they still express something about themselves. Users largely cover their identity by choosing an innovative username; they may use a general or neutral word or even construct their username in such way to make it difficult to determine its motivation. The analysis of the collected usernames also revealed some other username characteristics typical for online communication in general. In their usernames, users often play with language because they want the username to be innovative and unique in order to represent them online. Modifications of the text are frequent, i.e. switching letters or replacing them with numbers. Omitting diacritical signs (carons) on č, š, ž is also particular as such letters are often substituted by c, s, z or by letter combinations. Numbers may be used only as indexes or they may indicate the user’s age or year of birth or even refer to a number known from popular culture. Username specific are also the ways of marking word boundaries – words are most often separated by using upper- or lowercase and underscores. Usernames are predominantly written in lowercase.

Keywords


username; nickname; Twitter; online news comments; computer-mediated communication

Full Text:

PDF (Slovenščina)

References


Bechar-Israeli, H. (1995). From to : Nicknames, play and identity on Internet Relay Chat. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 2/1. s. p. Dostopno prek: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1083-6101.1995.tb00325.x/full (27. julij 2016).

boyd, d.: what’s in a name. Dostopno prek: http://www.danah.org/name.html/ (3. marec 2016).

Crystal, D. (1998): Language play. London: Penguin Books.

Crystal, D. (2009). Txtng: The Gr8 db8. New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Erjavec, K. in Poler Kovačič, M. (2012): Novinarstvo in internet: Značilnosti piscev sovražnega govora v komentarjih pod spletnimi novinarskimi prispevki. Teorija in praksa, let. 49. 190–203.

Erjavec, T. in Fišer, D. (2013): Jezik slovenskih tvitov (korpusna raziskava). Družbena funkcijskost jezika (vidiki, merila, opredelitev). Obdobja 32. Žele, A. (ur.). Ljubljana: Univerza v Ljubljani, Filozofska fakulteta. 109–116.

Erjavec, T., Fišer, D. in Ljubešić, N. (2015). Razvoj korpusa slovenskih spletnih uporabniških vsebin Janes. Fišer, D. (ur.). Zbornik konference Slovenščina na spletu in v novih medijih. Ljubljana: Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete. 20–26.

Gorjanc, V. (2005): Diskurz slovenskih spletnih forumov – dokončen potop strpnosti? Večkulturnost v slovenskem jeziku, literaturi in kulturi. 41. SSJLK. Stabej, M. (ur.). Ljubljana: Univerza v Ljubljani, Filozofska fakulteta, Center za slovenščino kot drugi/tuji jezik. 20–29.

Jain, P. in Kumaraguru, P. (2014): @I to @Me: An Anatomy of Username Changing Behavior on Twitter. arXiv:1405.6539v1 [cs.SI].

Lee, N. (2013): Facebook Nation. New York: Springer.

Marwick, A. in boyd, d. (2011): To See and Be Seen: Celebrity Practice on Twitter. Convergence. The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies. 17 (2). 139–158.

Medved, K. (2001). Klepet na internetu – iluzija ali resničnost? Spletka.net 2/5. 106–107.

Michelizza, M. (2015): Spletna besedila in jezik na spletu. Ljubljana: Založba ZRC, ZRC SAZU.

Oblak, T. (2004): Kultura druženja chat room generacije. »Za užitek gre!«. Javnost, št. 11. 75–88.

Pirc, A. (2015): Spletni komentarji pod novinarskimi prispevki kot tip računalniško posredovane komunikacije. Diplomsko delo. Ljubljana: Univerza v Ljubljani, Filozofska fakulteta.

Pistolesi, E. (2004): Il parlar spedito. L'italiano di chat, e-mail e SMS. Padova: Edsera editrice.

Praprotnik, T. (2003): Skupnost, identiteta in komunikacija v virtualnih skupnostih. Ljubljana: ISH: Zbirka Documenta.

Praprotnik, T. (2005): Kdo smo online? Nekateri kontekstualni dejavniki računalniško posredovane komunikacije. Monitor ISH, letnik 7, št. 1. 113–137.

Praprotnik, T. (2014): Ali kaj fejsbukate? Samorazkrivanje v družbenih omrežjih; primer Facebook. Medijska vzgoja in produkcija, letnik 7, št. 4 (december 2014). 4–10.

Van der Nagel, E. in Frith, J. (2015): Anonymity, pseudonymity, and the agency of online identity: Examining the social practices of r/Gonewild. First Monday, letnik 20, št. 3 (marec 2015). s. p.

Vranjek Ošlak, U. in Centa, A. (2015): Prava frekvenca – analiza žaljivega govora v spletnih komentarjih. Slovenščina na spletu in v novih medijih. Fišer, D. (ur.). Ljubljana: Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani. 75–79.

Žist, M. (2003): Komunikacija v novih medijih. Diplomsko delo. Ljubljana: Univerza v Ljubljani, Filozofska fakulteta.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4312/slo2.0.2016.2.131-155

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Urška Vranjek Ošlak, Mija Michelizza

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Ljubljana University Press, Faculty of Arts and Trojina, Institute for Applied Slovene Studies
(Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani in Trojina, zavod za uporabno slovenistiko) 

Online ISSN: 2335-2736